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Symbolic Objects That Reflect Of World War Ii In William Goling´S Lord Of The Flies

1012 words - 5 pages

William Golding wrote the novel Lord of the Flies to draw attention to the chaos in society during the Second World War. Throughout the novel, there is a large amount of symbolism that gives the readers a better understanding of his ideas and concepts. There are many symbolic objects in the Lord of the Flies that help to expand his perception of the Second World War and his theme of there being a little bit of evil and savagery in everyone. Three of the most important symbolic objects are Piggy’s glasses, the conch shell, and the signal fire.
First, of the many symbolic objects in the Lord of the Flies are Piggy’s glasses. His glasses symbolize many different things in the novel. First they symbolize hope. Piggy’s specs are what the boys are using to light their signal fire, and without their fire, there is no hope for them of ever being rescued from the island. Therefore the only hope that the boys have of leaving the island is in the balance of the condition of Piggy’s glasses. Without them being in a good enough condition to use to make a fire, then there would be no hope of them ever leaving the island. Second, Piggy’s glasses represent civilization. Piggy’s glasses are a small piece of civilization they can cling to. When the glasses are first cracked, it is a symbolic drop in the civilization of the boys on the island. Jack punches Piggy and the glasses fall off his face, only one of the lenses are broken which represents half of the destruction of civilization. But when Piggy is crushed by the boulder and his specs are destroyed, it represents the total destruction of their civilization and the boys fall into savagery and begin to hunt down Ralph. Lastly, Piggy’s specs signify his ability to “see”, both literally and figuratively. Without his glasses he is helpless and blind and he is unable to serve as Ralph’s right-hand man and as a voice of logic. As Piggy is “blinded” by his glasses being stolen, it symbolizes the blindness of Jack’s tribe to the evil to which they are succumbing to. To conclude, Piggy’s glasses symbolize many different things in the novel.
Second, of the many symbolic objects in the Lord of the Flies is the conch shell. The white conch shell represents the state of civilization on the island, the slow deterioration of this civilization, and finally the extinction of all of the civilization on the island. With the discovery of the conch shell it comes to symbolize the rise of civilization on the island. When Piggy exclaims to Ralph “Careful! You’ll break it—“(15) as he goes to pick up the shell, it shows the fragility of civilization and how one wrong move can shatter it. After that, Piggy then goes on to explain how valuable the conch is and how much it would cost to purchase in a...

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