Symbolism Between C.S. Lewis´ The Lion, The Witch And The Wardrobe And The New Testament In The Bible

2239 words - 9 pages

The symbolism between C.S. Lewis’ The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe, the fourth book in The Chronicles of Narnia, and the New Testament in the Bible, particularly the account of Jesus’ death is not merely coincidental because The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe is, in fact, an allegory. An allegory is a story with morals in which characters, plots and settings are used as symbols. The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe, by C.S. Lewis is rich with Christian symbolism even though the allegorical nature of it is the subject of much controversy. Nonetheless, The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe is an allegory. In this tale, four ordinary children find a wardrobe that leads them into Narnia, an extraordinary land parallel to our universe with talking animal and fantasy creatures. An evil witch has cast a spell of eternal winter over the land and has lured one of the children into betraying the others for enchanted Turkish Delights. Meanwhile, a magical lion, the nemesis of the witch, has arrived after a 100-year absence because of the betrayal of Edmund and ancient prophecies. Soon the children find themselves as involved in the battle as the other creatures and the lion must free Narnia from the clutches of the evil witch and atones for Edmund’s betrayal. The symbolism in the characters, plots, setting, miscellaneous things and themes prove Narnia is, indeed, allegorical
The characters in The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe are symbolic of other characters featured in the Bible. Peter, the eldest child, became the “rock” everyone clung to. He waged the war against the white witch and he is a representation of the Apostle Peter. Susan, the second eldest child, is seen as the nonbeliever who must always have facts. She is a representation of “Doubting Thomas,” because after seeing she becomes one of the strongest believers. At another time, both Susan and Lucy are symbolic to Mary Magdalen, the other Mary and the Virgin Mary. The character of Edmund, the third child, embodies the next parallel. Edmund is symbolic towards Judas Iscariot because he betrayed Jesus and Jesus (or in this case, Aslan) dies. The white witch, the portrayal of evil, claims Edmunds life saying, “You at least know the Magic which the Emperor put into Narnia in the very beginning. You know that every traitor belongs to me as my lawful prey and that for every treachery, I have a right to kill” (Lewis 128). Edmund also represents “every other man” because Jesus and Aslan both died to redeem our lives. The betrayal of humankind has to be paid for by His blood and Aslan did the same. “While we were still sinners, Christ died for us” (Romans 5:8). Lucy, the fourth child, represents childlike innocence. Throughout the entire chronicles, only children are able to enter into Narnia, like Heaven. “Verily I say unto you, except ye be converted and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of Heaven.” (Matthew 18:3). Lucy also represents Mary Magdalen, the other...

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