Animal Farm has been described as ¨a satire on the Russian
revolution¨, as a result, many symbolisms can be found in this book.
However, Orwell also associates ¨certain real characters with the
characters of the book.¨ This is proved by Snowball and Napoleon,
characters which represent Leon Trotsky and Stalin, respectively.
However, this are not the only symbolisms. Throughout the novel, we
find out that Napoleon is always surrounded and supported by the pigs.
Pigs which might represent the communist party, Stalin's friends as
well perhaps, as the Duma ( or Russian parliament).
Moreover, as we have seen, the pigs have a different lifestyle from
the other animals.They live ¨in luxury and enjoy the benefits of the
society they help to control.¨ It is here, where Orwell expresses ¨the
inequality and true hypocrisy of communism¨ and even criticizes
"Marx's over-simplified view of a socialist, "utopian" society."
Further more, towards the end, he even emphazises this by describing
that "Somehow it seemed as though the farm had grown richer without
making the animals themselves any richer except, of course, the pigs
and the dogs."
As we read the novel , we can find out that orwell, uses " very
cleverly" the name Boxer as a metaphor for the " Boxer Rebllion in
China" . This might be because it was this event which "signaled the
beginning of communism in red China". What is more, Boxer, together
with Clover are used to represent the proletariat in the Russian
We find out that it is indeed the proletariat, the class which mainly
supports Stalin (Napoleon). This might be because they are unable to
distinguish the difference between their lives under the...