Symbolism Of Italian And French Theatre And Opera

2412 words - 10 pages

The “Querelle des Bouffons” ("Quarrel of the Comic Actors") was a cultural war over the comparative merits of French and Italian opera styles. It was divided into two camps; the supporters of Italian music known as the coin de la reine, and the partisans of French music known as the coin du roi. However the querrelle had political and social implications with supporters of the royal establishment championing French opera, they saw as being forged on the principles of French classicism and absolutist ideology, while proponents of Enlightenment saw in Italian opera a vehicle for subversive attacks on that establishment. It may have started over different issues, but the ancien régime was, like before, at the heart of the conflict (Higgins, 2012).

Eustachio Bambini’s troupe of bouffons that performed opere buffe was formed in Milan in 1745, where the foundations of the future Paris repertory were already being formed. Bambini’s troupe had performed in Turin, Mantua, Venice and Munich finding its way Strasbourg in 1749. Whilst in Strasbourg Bambini signed an agreement to go to Rouen, France (Charlton, 2014, pp. 41).

Bambini’s troupe were eventually invited to perform in Paris in the summer of 1752. On August 1st 1752 their performance of La Serva padrona was staged at the Académie royale de musique before an elite audience (Higgins, 2012). This singular performance led to a two-year argument that opposed the most brilliant minds and was the spark that ignited the Querelle (Walker, 2013).

Pergolesi and La Serva padrona
Giovanni Battista Pergolesi was a favourite of the French audience and his work La Serva padrona placed the composer at the heart of this dispute (Walker, 2013). Pergolesi’s favouritism is supported by Lazarevich who identified that ‘six out of the fourteen compositions performed during the Italian Season in Paris contained music by Pergolesi’ (Lazarevich, 1988, pp. 202).

La serva padrona was an intermezzo presented between acts of a serious opera. It was superb in its genre and because of this it became both a catalyst and a weapon in the war against the coin du roi. The fact that Geneva born French encyclopédiste and musician Jean-Jacques Rousseau could use it to oppose French opera was in itself a compliment of the highest order, and if the Italians had won that particular battle, then the Querelle was a confirmation of Pergolesi’s talent (Thuleen, 1991).

Intermezzo, Opera buffa and tragédie lyrique
The precursor to the opera buffa which arose in the late seventeenth century in Italy was the musical drama known as the intermezzo. This was a short piece, usually only one act long, which was produced between the acts of a longer more serious opera (Naxos, 2014).

Pergolesi's La serva padrona (1733) was typical of the later intermezzi and exhibited aspects that were to eventually become standard in the opera buffa. The term opera buffa began to be used around 1740 mostly to pieces that were not opera...

Find Another Essay On Symbolism of Italian and French Theatre and Opera

German and Italian unification. Essay

531 words - 2 pages Following the Napoleonic invasions, feelings of nationalism were left in both Italy and Germany causing the people to unite. Italian unification, or Risorgimento was able to succeed due to Giuseppe Mazzini's inspiration, Count Camillo Di Cavour's shrewd politics, and Giuseppe Garibaldi's military initiative. It was Bismarck's ingenious political maneuvers that led Germany to its unification in 1871. Both the Italian and German unification would

Italian Culture and Society Essay

1398 words - 6 pages As the world evolves so do the people within it, but without much surprise some things do not change that drastically and one of those things is the culture in which a person was born and raised. Even though ones culture or way of life may progress in some ways, it does not totally change. The topic of discussion for this paper will be that of the Italian culture. Who are they really? What types of challenges do they face? Many other topics will

Italian And German Unification

553 words - 2 pages Italian and German Unification After 1848, Italian nationalists looked to the kingdom of Sardinia for leadership because Mazzini had failed in Rome. Sardinia's king, Victor Emmanuel II named Count Camillo di Cavour his prime minister. Cavour was a wealthy aristocrat and a moderate nationalist. He also was a realpolitik. Realpolitiks were shrewd,purposeful politicians who wanted to unite Italy by well chosen alliances, not romantic rebellions

Greek and Elizabethan Theatre

1062 words - 4 pages names in theatre. ore similarities between Elizabethan and Greek Theatre then there are differences. The influence of both eras is felt even today, stage productions of Shakespeare and Euripides are performed from London too Broadway and everywhere in between. I believe that both eras have influenced modern theatre simply because the Greek so obviously influenced Elizabethan theatre. The name most associated with excellence in theatre is

Utah Symphony and Utah Opera Merger

1400 words - 6 pages 1. Bill Bailey, chairman of the board of the Utah Opera Organization, could use McClelland’s need theory to support the merger with the Utah symphony based on the three principles that are entailed in the theory; need for achievement, need for affiliation, and need for power (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2010, p. 215). Firstly, the need for achievement is met by understanding that people strive to master difficult situations, endeavors or challenges

The Italian Diaspora of the late 19th and early20th Century

1620 words - 6 pages Between 1861 and 1920, over 7 million Italians choose to emigrate from their home country (Italian Immigration: Why So Many Italians Live Outside Italy). Many Italian immigrants chose to make their new lives in South America, particularly in Argentina and Brazil. The mass migration of Italians began what is known as the “big migration” in Brazil (Sabina Stelzig). In this report I will explore what prompted so many Italians to brave an ocean

Comparing Opera Seria to Orfeo Ed Euridice by Gluck and the Marriage of Figaro by Mozart

1631 words - 7 pages more harmonic depth. Choruses became more prominent after a period of being out of fashion. There were also stricter demands of the solo singers. The two mid eighteenth century composers, Jomelli and Traetta played a big part in the reform of Italian opera in the late 18th century by influencing the French towards opera of a more international flavour. Born in Bohemia, Gluck built a more international style of opera. He was strongly affected

The Life and Influence of Italian Leader Benito Mussolini

1856 words - 7 pages be forced to. Moreover, Benito Mussolini had a great impact on people in his time that changed many things in the world. Benito Mussolini was influenced by the Italian economic conditions following World War I; He then influenced his country into siding with Germany in the war, leading to Italy’s eventual defeat. The early life of Mussolini was very important to him. Mussolini was born on the 29th of July 1883 and died on the 28th of April 1945

The Deception and Destruction of Purity in The Italian

1058 words - 4 pages The Deception and Destruction of Purity in The Italian Purity in the Gothic genre can be perceived from so many points of view. It involves sex, beauty, perception, and people's position in society. "The Italian" has many characters that behold either one or more of these traits. In this paper, we will explore how Ann Radcliffe uses purity and the deception and destruction of it to enhance her character's role in the Gothic genre

Italian Renissance and the Reformation

1422 words - 6 pages The renaissance and the reformation are the beginning of the golden age of Europe. Many economic, religious, and cultural changes occurred during this time period. The economic and cultural rise of Italian city-states, the recentralization of government in northern Europe, and the separation of the Roman Catholic Church into different Catholic and Protestant groups were important achievements for Europe during this time. The renaissance and the

Italian Renissance and the Reformation

1416 words - 6 pages . This led to a peak in the interest of Classical literature, art, social, and political ideas of Greece/Rome. Humanism was a literary movement that occurred during the Renaissance. During this movement, authors began to deal with general questions of the soul. Dante wrote about the soul’s journey to salvation. Petrarch, another renowned author from Italy, began to write epics and sonnets; he later became known as the “Father of The Italian

Similar Essays

Difference Between Italian And French Baroque Architecture

871 words - 3 pages Difference Between Italian And French Baroque Architecture Baroque is the name given to the art of the 17th century. But the baroque style, like all other styles in the history of art, began gradually. It started in the latter part of the 16th century and continued to be used well into the 18th century. Baroque can be defied as the florid, ornate style characterizing fine arts in Europe from the middle 16th to middle 18th centuries

Rousseau And The Battle Between French And Italian Music

930 words - 4 pages In the mid-eighteenth century, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, one of the most important French philosophers of the time, wrote Lettre sur la musique francaise (Letter on French Music) in response to the musical debate pitting French music against Italian music. In the first part of this paper, an attempt will be made to explain both Rousseau’s argument for so heavily criticizing the music of his people and what elements of Italian music he prefers; in

A Comparison Between The Italian And German Opera; Specifically Using Examples From Guiseppe Verdi And Richard Wagner

2497 words - 10 pages The Italian opera and the German opera are two different fields that both share characteristics, some of which are paralleled, and some of which contrast. Specifically, Giuseppe Verdi and Richard Wagner use motifs such as: redemption through love, patriotism, and sacrifice which run throughout both of their operas. The theme of betrayal also seems to be echoed throughout both operas; yet they are each used to project a different response. The

The Italian Renaissance An Overview Of Theatre: The History Of Italian Theatre

966 words - 4 pages counter-plots.Two Fold Purpose - The two purposes of neoclassical Italian plays were to teach and entertain.- OperaOpera is the one form of Italian renaissance theatre that still survives to this day. It was developed in the late 1500s in Florence. Opera was originally an attempt to recreate a genuine Greek tragedy. Observing the Greek fusion of music and drama, the originators of opera attempted, and succeeded in, producing a completely sung