In the dystopian novel, Brave New World, Huxley uses symbols to create meaning and to get his agenda across. The use of sex and reproduction, and Shakespearian writing and religious texts, as symbols in the novel help to push Huxley’s agenda that total government control is devastating, and the inner human drive to be an individual can never be suppressed. Also, the fact that the novel was written in 1931 shows that Huxley was attacking the newly forming Socialist nations.
The first two chapters of this novel consist of the Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning showing students how the reproduction system works in the World State. The students are taken to the center where they make the babies using ovaries and reproductive systems removed from humans. They are shown how the government controls all of the reproduction in the country. This shows that the government has complete control because the government even controls the most basic part of life. Children do not have parents and are trained by the government from the time they are born. Immediately this seems alien to the reader because this is obviously not how society works. This seems like a violation of human rights; especially to readers that live in democracies because all human rights are taken away immediately starting at the reproductive state of life.
Not only does Huxley use sex and reproduction as symbols of stealing human rights early in life, but he uses it for their adolescent and adult lives. Strange and alien sexual control is showed at an early age in this society when children of a young age are told to be playing an erotic and sexual game. This continued push on sexual promiscuity, especially on women, is in stark contrast to our own society, and goes against the morals of almost everybody who reads this novel. The women are told to be promiscuous, and society encourages this. This is to satisfy the people’s immediate wants and to give them the illusion of happiness. This promiscuity is contrasted when the new character of John comes in. John is an outcast who has been on a reservation his entire life. He holds the values that the average reader would hold. When he meets a woman in the World State, he is entranced by her and wants to love her and be loved by her. She is also entranced by him, however, she only wants to have sex with him because she has been trained to have no desire for love. The sex in this society is seen as corrupted and dirty. “The act has been dehumanized and made devoid of passion. (Shmoop Editorial Team)” The human side of sex, the love, was not there, and showed more that the government was dehumanizing their citizens.
Shakespearian writing and religious texts as symbols is used many times in the novel. To begin with, the works of Shakespeare, the Bible, etc. are...