Symptoms And Dignosis Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

651 words - 3 pages

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM), big word and sounds scary, but it isn’t as scary as you might think. This disease affects the myocardium (middle layer of the heart that helps it contract) by becoming abnormally thick and this doesn’t allow the heart to pump normally. Some people go undiagnosed for quite some time since there are little to no symptoms, some however have shortness of breath. HCM also affects the electrical system In the heart which can cause life threatening arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat). Often times people with HCM can lead a normal life with no significant problems.
The few symptoms that HCM has are: Dizziness, fatigue, flutter or pounding heartbeats, heart murmur, and shortness of breath chest pain and fainting especially during exercise. HCM is the most common genetic cardiovascular disease with a 50% chance of a child with a parent who has HCM will inherit the mutation. Not everyone but some people with HCM have complications such as arrhythmias, obstructed blood flow, dilated cardiomyopathy, mitral valve problems, heart failure and sudden cardiac death. HCM is the leading cause of sudden cardiac death in people under the age of 30 and In young athletes. With this being said, this disease seems a little more serious than before right? So if you know anyone who has a parent with HCM ask them if they have gotten tested for it.
There are quite a few ways to test for HCM such as echocardiography; there are two types of echocardiography tests which include transthoracic echocardiogram (ECG) and transesophageal cardiogram. When getting tested by an ECG, gel is spread across your chest and a transducer is pressed firmly on your chest, like and pregnancy ultrasound, moving images of your heart are displayed on a screen. A transesophageal cardiogram is done by using a flexible tube with a transducer and pushed down your throat to your esophagus, although rarely done your doctor might only use this method if he wants to further...

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