Symptoms And Effects Of Primary Insomnia

1032 words - 4 pages

Insomnia is defined as a "difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning" (APA Dictionary of Pscyhology, 2007, p. 485). The pineal gland in the brain produces melatonin. Melatonin relates to the ‘circadian' rhythms which in time helps control sleep (Gillam, 2009). Through use of polysomnography, researchers found that inadequate sleep may be an effect of a longer period of stage 1 sleep while shorter sleep of stages 3 and 4 (American Psychiatric Association [DSM-IV-TR], 2000). Insomnia predominately exists among older adults and people who are middle-aged. "Population surveys indicate a 1-year prevalence of insomnia complaints of 30%-45% in adults. The prevalence of primary Insomnia is approximately 1%-10% in the general adult population and up to 25% in the elderly” (DSM-IV-TR, 2000, p. 601).
Some other conditions are confused with insomnia: "short sleepers" do not have the symptoms such as stress, tiredness, and problems getting to sleep as do people with Insomnia. If a person is not aware of their condition, they may develop an insomnia style of sleep; people with "Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder" only experience symptoms of insomnia at times they are not used to sleeping; "Narcolepsy" is similar, but it associates with tiredness during the daytime, and muscle weakness caused by emotion, hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. Breathing disorders such as sleep apnea mainly occurs with breathing (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). Primary insomnia shows symptoms to determine whether a person has the disorder and treatments are provided to help with the symptoms, which are mainly drugs or other type of remedy.

In order to be diagnosed, primary insomnia must not occur along with another mental or sleep disorder, or during substance use. In other words, Insomnia symptoms must occur independently from other factors; insomnia is associated with stress and problems in other areas of lifestyle such as tiredness during daytime, and it is linked with problems staying asleep or getting to sleep (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). According to DSM-IV-TR, primary insomnia is associated with anxiety, depression, and it negatively affects attention skills Genetics are linked to the development of insomnia; it is uncertain how strong this relationship is. Women and older people are more prone to experience Insomnia in general. Older people and men have trouble staying asleep, but the reason is unknown for men. Younger people normally have trouble achieving sleep. Lastly, symptoms of insomnia usually begin from a stress-triggering element. Such symptoms can be lengthened which eventually leads to insomnia (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). Studies have conveyed that two main reasons related to insomnia are “physiological, emotional and cognitive activation” and the level of effect that a person may experience when the person goes through times of hardship...

Find Another Essay On Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia

Alcoholism: the symptoms and effects of the disease.

969 words - 4 pages An Alcoholic is defined as someone who shows three of the seven symptoms of alcoholism within a twelve month period. In most cases of alcoholism, the person has a family member that is also an alcoholic; this is because alcoholism is genetic. The short term effects of alcoholism are premature deaths due to organ complications involving the brain, liver, heart and other organs as well as over doses, suicides, homicides, and car accidents. The

Primary Behavior Changes and Cide Effects of LSD

2327 words - 9 pages Primary Behavior Changes and Cide Effects of LSD LSD (D lysergic acid diethylamide) is a very potent synthetic hallucinogen. It is manufactured from lysergic acid, found in ergot, which is a fungus that grows on grains. In its original form, LSD is a white or clear, odorless, water soluble crystal that can be crushed into a powder and dissolved. LSD goes by the street name “acid” or “blotter” and is sold in tablets

Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Insomnia

2436 words - 10 pages the average night's sleep for an adult is around seven or eight hours, some people only need four, while others like up to 10 hours or more. What seems like insomnia to one person might be considered a good sleep by another (Florence Cardinal, Your Guide to Sleep Disorders.) There are three types of insomnia: Secondary insomnia, Primary sleep disorders, and Idiopathic insomnia. Secondary insomnia is due to a range of medical and psychiatric

Signs and Symptoms of Gigantism

1154 words - 5 pages Introduction Biology mainly concentrates on the study of life and any other factors that affect it positively or negatively. The study of biology is further sub-divided into sections and the most important being genetics that studies the genetically composition and effects to human life. For instance, gigantism which is an abnormal growth caused by the excess hormone growth at childhood before the bone plates closes. Though gigantism is rare

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Plasmodium

688 words - 3 pages Symptoms and Diagnosis of Plasmodium Malaria is a disease caused by a protozoan parasite and transported by the Anopheles mosquito. Fever is the most common symptom of malaria. Other symptoms include arthralgia and vomiting. The most common diagnosis process for this disease is looking at the patient’s blood under a microscope. If microscopy is not available, antigen detection tests can be used. In a year, there can be as many as five

Symptoms and Progression of Progeria

828 words - 4 pages conducted by Dr. Hastings Gilford. While symptoms of HGPS occur within the first year of a child’s life, Werner’s Syndrome might not appear until the teenage years and can continue until one reaches his or her maximum lifespan of 40 or 50 years of age. Progeria occurs because there is a mutation in LMNA, a gene that produces specific protein, lamin A protein, that plays an integral role in holding a cell’s nucleus together. This mutation leads

Common Symptoms and Damages of Measles

562 words - 2 pages . Common Symptoms Usually a person doesn’t start to get symptoms of measles until they have been infected with the virus for 7-11 days. The symptoms are: • Runny nose • Dry hacking cough • Sore throat – lymph nodes swell • Sneezing • Fever – this can be mild or severe and can reach 105Fº These symptoms are often passed off as cold or flu, so the measles isn’t usually detected until later on. Other symptoms include: • Conjunctivitis

History, causes, and symptoms of Schizophreina

1696 words - 7 pages .(Campbell) Some people believe that schizophrenia is a group of similar disorders, while others believe that it is one disorder with many different symptoms and types.(Sarason)The disturbance of schizophrenia involves the most basic functions that give the normal person a feeling of individuality, uniqueness, and self-direction. The most intimate thoughts, feelings, and acts are often felt to be known or shared by others. The diseased person may

The Symptoms and the Treatment of Depression

1663 words - 7 pages The Symptoms and the Treatment of Depression Depression has been a part of our lives for as long as humans have been on the earth. Everyone has had days when nothing was going right. But it all depends with an individual how to handled this adversity and how depressed that person becomes. Depression is considered to be the "common cold of psychological disorders." This is because depression

Symptoms and Treatment of Valley Fever

1813 words - 7 pages communicable disease (contagious) because it can’t be spread from person to person (Bazzo, 2013). Twenty five percent of valley fever’s primary infections manifest as a community acquired pneumonia usually within 1 to 3 weeks after becoming infected. About 60% of individuals that become infected don’t show any symptoms of being infected, 10% of them experience flu like symptoms, 5% grow a skin lesion, meningitis, osteomyelitis, and 15% develop

Symptoms and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

693 words - 3 pages experience mania and depression simultaneously or in a rapid sequence. Cyclothymia is the mildest form of bipolar mood disorder. Symptoms of Cyclothymia must last for at least two years. Also, the person cannot have gone two months at a normal state. Causes of bipolar disorder are not clearly defined. There are possible genetic connections to the disorder. Probable occurrence of and excessive calcium buildup in the cells and also dopamine

Similar Essays

Symptoms And Effects Of Primary Insomnia

935 words - 4 pages Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Insomnia, defined as "difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning" (VandenBos, 2007, p. 485), connected with the pineal gland in the brain that produces melatonin that works with ‘circadian’ rhythms, which in time helps control sleep (Gillam, 2009). Through

Symptoms And Effects Of Primary Insomnia

975 words - 4 pages Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Insomnia is defined as a "difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning" (VandenBos, 2007, p. 485). The pineal gland in the brain produces melatonin, which relates to the ‘circadian’ rhythms which in time helps control sleep (Gillam, 2009). Through use of

Effects Of Intrusive Worrying In Primary Insomnia

998 words - 4 pages Effects of intrusive worrying in Primary insomnia An examination of primary insomnia and normal sleepers was conducted to inquire if intrusive worrying serves as consequences of sleep disturbance. According to Medscape, Primary insomnia is sleeplessness that is not attributable to a medical, psychiatric, or environmental cause. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) set forth

Symptoms And Long Term Effects Of Depression

840 words - 3 pages , and cognitive effects. (Jancin) But, depression comes and goes, so it could be misleading to judge its long-term effects only from the feelings of patients at the time they consult a doctor or a mental health professional, when the symptoms are likely to be at their worst. (Depression) The effects will last as long as you are depressed. The longer you are depressed, the longer the effects will wreak havoc on your life. (Dean) But the shorter the