Symptoms And Long Term Effects Of Depression

840 words - 3 pages

Depression is a psychiatric disorder characterized by an inability to concentrate, insomnia, loss of appetite, feelings of extreme sadness, guilt, helplessness and hopelessness, and thoughts of death. People that are depressed have sadness greater and more prolonged than that warranted by any objective reason. It is a serious illness that affects thoughts, feelings, and the ability to function in everyday life. Thirteen to fourteen million Americans suffer from depression in any given year and over sixteen percent have depression at some point in time. (Depression health) Women tend to be more susceptible to the disorder than men. (Depression)
Symptoms of depression are persistent sad mood, loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed, significant change in appetite or body weight, difficulty sleeping or oversleeping, physical slowing down, agitation, loss of energy, feeling worthless or inappropriate guilt, difficulty thinking or concentrating, and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide. Depression may last several months or longer and may reoccur but it is generally reversible in the short run. People that are depressed need to feel connected with, anchored by, or guided by important people. (Effects) Depression frequently occurs with other physical illnesses, including heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes. (Arias)
Some causes of depression come from family history of depression, having a baby, child abuse or neglect, stressful or traumatic life events, and having a chronic or deadly disease. Depression can cause poor cognition, insecure attachment, emotional and social impairment, impaired growth, and the need to do things that you would not normally do. Many depressed people also have another mental disorder that causes depression like schizophrenia. Low self esteem, hormonal changes, smoking, and excessive drinking increase the risk of depression.
Depression reduces the overall quality of life and significantly impacts health. Depressed people feel worse and are even more limited in their daily activities than patients with chronic conditions. It worsens health more than the four common killers diseases, angina, arthritis, asthma, and diabetes. (Arias) It has the largest effect on worsening health conditions compared with other chronic conditions. (Arias) It also quadruples your risk for heart disease. (Lewis) It causes your body to pump out stress hormones at a high rate, which over time, can weaken bones and raise your chances of developing osteoporosis. It impairs concentration, decreases motivation, and hampers a person’s ability to succeed. Their anxiousness and exhaustion causes depressed people to feel guilty. Depression potentially affects interpersonal relationships and academic performance as well as family and support...

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