Symptoms And Treatment Helicobacter Pylori Infection

1470 words - 6 pages

For over a century now it has been known that there are bacteria present in the human stomach. However, these bacteria were considered to be contaminants from digested food, rather than real GI colonizers. About three decades ago, Robin Warren and Barry Marshall announced the successful culture and isolation of a spiral bacterial species, firstly named Campylobacter pyloridis because of structural similarities to other Campylobacter species. Later, because of its functional and enzymatic properties, it was named Helicobacter pylori. H. pylori hosts the mucus layer which coats the inside of the human stomach. It is a gram-negative bacterium, with length in the range from 2 to 4 μm and width ...view middle of the document...

9 to 8.0. Colonies have a convex, circular (1–2 mm), and translucent appearance (Fig. 1) and are surrounded by some hemolysis in blood agar. Presence of typical colonies, Gram staining, and positive tests for urease, catalase, and oxidase are typical methods of identification of H. pylori. (Bier & Miliotis 2013, p.211)
H. pylori is found in feces, sewage and water, but in water it is killed by standard chlorination. Hence, consuming of sewage-contaminated drinking water or vegetables might be a risk in developing countries. Vice versa, well cooked food and chlorinated water lowers the risk of humans infected with H. pylori. The consumption of raw vegetables with human feces fertilizer used has been found to be an infection risk factor, and children were found exposed to infection when drinking water from a municipal supply. (Hererra 2004) (Appendix 1)
No specific recommendations for evading infection have been made. Washing hands is commonly wise, and also eating properly prepared food and drinking water from safe origin.

This infection is most often acquired in childhood. It remains unknown how this pathogen is transmitted or why some people experience symptoms and others do not. Signs and symptoms may be the following:
• Nausea
• Vomiting
• Dark or tar-colored stools
• Abdominal pain
• Heartburn
• Diarrhea
• Hunger in the morning
• Halitosis (Crowe, Feldman & Grover 2013)
H. pylori can be detected by several tests. In an infected person’s stomach, H. pylori is the sole organism expressing urease: so by spotting urease in a biopsy specimen, H. pylori can be indirectly detected. It is not common that food and feces are tested for H. pylori. When tested, detection and isolation of the pathogen can be obscured by a lot of factors, causing incorrect negative results. Moreover, the infection’s incubation time may be too long for a connection between the suspected clinical disease and the source of infection to be made. (Legge 2000)

Most people infected go through life with progressive destruction of their stomach without having symptoms. Ten to twenty percent of them experience peptic (duodenal or gastric) ulcer and roughly
1-3% will experience stomach cancer. (Figure 4). H. pylori may also be a cause of non-ulcer dyspepsia. (Appendix 2)

Figure 4: The potential outcomes of Helicobacter pylori infection. (p. 9)
http://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/ebookviewer/ebook/bmxlYmtfXzM4MjQzMl9fQU41?sid=7b78f83e-9750-4fb2-a84d-d9e04958fe5e@sessionmgr4003&vid=2&format=EB&rid=1

Significant outbreaks have not been reported, mainly because in most cases the pathogen as a host does not provide symptoms or diseases. (Appendix 3)

H. pylori is killed by certain antibiotics. (Appendix 4)
An optimum nutrition based diet show that genetic sensitivity to H. pylori can be altered and there is increasing scientific proof to show that such diet helps in the prevention of infection with the bacteria and moreover protects those infected from disease consequences....

Find Another Essay On Symptoms and Treatment Helicobacter pylori Infection

Type II Diabetes: Symptoms and Treatment

1837 words - 7 pages increases because hunger is triggered when there is not enough insulin to move the sugar into the cells which cause muscles to need more energy. The next sign is if the person has sores that don’t heal quickly and have more frequent infections because it has been found that this type of diabetes affects the body’s ability to heal along with resist infection. Some more symptoms are weight loss due to the body using other fuels from muscle and fat

Schizophrenia: Different Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Methods

2034 words - 9 pages Schizophrenia: Different Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Methods Schizophrenia is a potentially debilitating condition that can affect one emotionally, mentally, and physically. The condition has been the topic of many conversations, studies, as well as on the minds of those suffering from the condition, and those who know someone suffering from schizophrenia. One of the most debilitating conditions, schizophrenia is comprised of 1% of the US

The Symptoms and the Treatment of Depression

1663 words - 7 pages The Symptoms and the Treatment of Depression Depression has been a part of our lives for as long as humans have been on the earth. Everyone has had days when nothing was going right. But it all depends with an individual how to handled this adversity and how depressed that person becomes. Depression is considered to be the "common cold of psychological disorders." This is because depression

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Treatment

1427 words - 6 pages treatment he/she may be able to fully recover and have coping skills to deal with any future trauma. Post-traumatic stress disorder treatment often includes taking medications and participating in psychotherapy. Putting the two together can help improve the individual’s symptoms and give them coping skills for the aftermath of a traumatic event. There are several types of medications that are offered to help symptoms of post-traumatic stress

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

1627 words - 7 pages The mental health disorder I have chosen for analysis is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). First, I will discuss symptoms and diagnostic criteria that is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Then I will cover treatment OCD as it relates to the strengths perspective and the medical model of mental health. Finally, I will discuss the ethical responsibilities that Social Workers have towards clients in the

Bipolar Disorder: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

2197 words - 9 pages Contents Introduction 1 Questions: Asked when conducting an interview 1 Answers: received from the interviewees 2 Interview 1 2 Interview 2 2 Interview 3 2 Interview 4 3 Symptoms 3 Treatment 3 Causes of bipolar 4 Genes 4 Environmental Factors in Bipolar Disorder 4 Bibliography 6   Introduction Bipolar disorder can be conceptualized as parallel dysfunction in emotion-processing and emotion-regulation circuits, together with an

Symptoms and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

693 words - 3 pages experience mania and depression simultaneously or in a rapid sequence. Cyclothymia is the mildest form of bipolar mood disorder. Symptoms of Cyclothymia must last for at least two years. Also, the person cannot have gone two months at a normal state. Causes of bipolar disorder are not clearly defined. There are possible genetic connections to the disorder. Probable occurrence of and excessive calcium buildup in the cells and also dopamine

Turner's Syndrome: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prognosis

1330 words - 5 pages are born with two X chromosomes but Turner Syndrome patients are the exception. The following will describe in detail Turner syndrome’s inheritance patterns and frequencies in the population, as well as symptoms and expressions of the gene, and also how we treat this genetic disorder in society.What is Turner Syndrome?In 1938 an endocrinologist named Dr. Henry Turner first describes the genetic condition now known as “Turner Syndrome

Factors, Symptoms and Treatment of Alcoholism

1232 words - 5 pages the properly developed coping mechanism has been associated with alcoholism. Another factor that exists is social and cultural factors. The glamorous want that drinking alcohol is portrayed in advertising and in the entertainment media sends many people messages that it’s ok to drink excessively. Signs/Symptoms Now how do you know if you or a loved one is suffering from alcoholism, how do you spot the signs? These days it is socially

Symptoms and Treatment of Human Down Syndrome

1365 words - 5 pages syndrome. Of those, one third (or 1% of all cases of Down syndrome) are hereditary” (para. 6). Translocation means part or all of chromosome 21 is attached to a different chromosome, and a person that is a carrier of Down syndrome does not exhibit any symptoms of it; however, their child’s chance of inheriting it is increased. The Gale Encyclopedia of Science (2008) says Down syndrome is caused by an additional instance of chromosome 21 as shown

Urinary Tract Infection: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Treatment

2151 words - 9 pages lead to the development of the infection will be discussed. This paper will describe the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and the treatment options that were considered to manage the infection. Epidemiology/ Demographics Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are responsible for more than 8.1 million visits to physicians' offices per year and about five percent of all visits to primary care physicians. Approximately 40 percent of women and 12

Similar Essays

Helicobacter Pylori And Diabetes: State Of Art

642 words - 3 pages The controversial results obtained in different studies are, in our opinion, secondary to several factors: different mean age: it is well known that the risk of HP infection increases with age; different geographical areas with different incidence of infection; different diagnostic methods (serology, 13 C-UBT, histology, CLO test), different population analyzed (type 1 or 2 diabetic pts), limited sample size, and adjustments for potential

Autism: Factors, Symptoms, And Treatment Essay

1314 words - 5 pages children tend to have delayed speech, thus leading to them being unable to talk, until much later in life. Usually when they do develop speech, they would speak differently from others, such as being unable to put words into a meaningful sentence, or speaking the same word over and over again (AutismSpeaks). Even children who have mild symptoms may display a small delay in speech or even develop mature vocabulary, which may lead to difficulty in

Symptoms And Modes Of Infection Of Bacillus Anthracis

1937 words - 8 pages outbreaks in Europe and the United States. It is also being considered for bioterrorism (Sweeney, 2011). Symptoms of the early stages of anthrax can be misunderstood for less lethal conditions (Hicks, 2012). For patients with a possible anthrax infection can be determined by gram positive staining. It can also be diagnosed by confirmatory testing, such as PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) (Sweeney, 2011). PCR focuses on certain DNA strands for

Symptoms And Treatment Of Valley Fever

1813 words - 7 pages . Fortunately, today there is medication treatment for valley fever to help a person get back to their optimal health. Also once the body becomes infected it builds immunity to protect itself from future infections although, there are cases where an individual can have a relapse of infection. Individuals when infected are treated with antifungal medication and therapy. This treatment is very costly; one year of treatment can cost more than $20,000