Syrian Civil War
May 13, 2014
The ongoing civil war in Syria was directly influenced by “Arab Spring” and has very disastrous consequences for most of the possible outcomes. The “Arab Spring” is a revolutionary surge of protests amid many Middle East countries. The general public has revolted against their own government and some of them have successfully forced their ruler from power, which proved to Syrians that change was possible. The revolutionary countries that gave the Syrian public these ideas of change are staying out of their war but there are many other ally countries on either side. Bashar Al-Assad is the current president in Syria and rules as a dictator like his father did before him, but this does not please the Syrian public. The people started peaceful protests in 2011 but the government responded very violently which out broke into civil war. The war has been devastating to many people but it does not seem to be ceasing. With the combined turmoil of the rest of the Middle East, some researchers believe that a massive war could be coming; some even say that Word War 3 is on its way. There appears to be many possible outcomes for the war but it is still very unclear what is to come of Syria as a country when it is all over.
The main cause of this civil war was definitely the influence of “Arab Spring” but there were many other factors that built up to cause the public to revolt. People were very unhappy with the government, partially because many feared it because there was so much state violence and partially because there had been no peaceful transfer of power since the 1950s. It was believed that the only possible change could happen through an uprising and eventually that is what happened. Also, living costs were very high in Syria so the poor people were very angry. Farmers were also upset with the government because there was a huge drought causing low harvests and the government did not help any farmers. The government also represents a very small minority of the Syrian public. Syria is a very diverse society with many religions and ethnicities but all the power confides in the Alawite people who are the religious minority of the country. All of these factors contributed to the civil war but the main cause was when Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen proved that change was possible by revolting and overthrowing their governments.
The initial uprisings began in March 2011 and they were reasonably peaceful gatherings but the government responded with very violent attacks and arrested many people. More protests would follow these arrests to try and get the individuals freed, but this just made the government angrier. Syrian citizens called upon Assad and requested government reform, but he responded with live fire. The Syrian public then organized an army called the Free Syrian Army and they launched a full a huge...