Syringe Exchange Programs: A Matter Of Public Health

2358 words - 10 pages

According to the World Health Organization, “globally there are approximately 16 million people that inject drugs and 3 million of them are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).” Once someone is infected with HIV, it is almost always fatal since there is currently no cure for the disease. A major component of HIV prevention is the Syringe Exchange Programs (SEP’s). SEP’s are one of the main resolutions that targets curbing the spread of blood-borne viruses among injecting drug users (IDU’s). With an estimated 1 in 5 injecting drug users worldwide infected with HIV, the program is vital to bringing this epidemic under control. 60 countries worldwide have reported HIV among IDUs and an additional 40 countries report a rash of injecting drug users with an upsurge in Southeast Asia and Latin America. Because increasing access to sterile syringes has been met with considerable controversy there are a few key factors I would like to address: The history of SEPs, SEPs life saving components, The Moral face of Syringe Exchange, HIV STATS for the United States and the state of Louisiana, financial savings benefit of SEP’s and the effectiveness of SEP’s.
SEP’s were started in the Netherlands in response to the alarming rate of IDUs being infected with Hepatitis B. In 1984 a drug-users advocacy group call the “Amsterdam Junkiebond,” began exchanging needles and syringes with support from the Municipal Health Service. Junkiebond members did not trust that pharmacist would be fair in their dealings with addicts in central areas so they decided to be the “middle man.” News of the program spread, once health officials in the United States learned of the program and began to study its benefits for fight against the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in our country by implementing the same programs used in the Netherlands.
Jon Parker, a former injection drug user was the first person to distribute injection equipment publicly in the United States. Parker, who was earning his master's degree in public health at Yale University, became irate by a statement made by one of his professors. The professors said “that addicts should not be the focus of HIV prevention efforts because they would not change their behavior.” Parker was outraged and organized meetings with IDUs to warn them of HIV transference. In one of his meetings two addicts came in with clean syringes, their actions motivated him. In 1986, Parker began distributing and exchanging needles and syringes on the streets of New Haven and Boston, Massachusetts. He has been arrested several times in eight states where it is still illegal to purchase syringes without a prescription. Because of foundational work by Jon Parker and the work in Amsterdam, in two year later the first SEP operated with a bit of community consent opened in Tacoma. In the same year, two more exchange programs surfaced, one in New York and another in San Francisco. Today, there are currently 203 exchange...

Find Another Essay On Syringe Exchange Programs: A Matter of Public Health

Benefits of Implementing Company Health & Fitness Programs

2496 words - 10 pages Workplace Benefits of Health and Fitness Programs Furthermore, fitness programs can benefit companies far beyond a spending stand point. There are many benefits of incorporating fitness into your daily routine, and some people are unaware of the impact it can have on every aspect of their life. Making health and fitness a priority in your life can result in dramatic change. Creating a healthy lifestyle through fitness and nutrition programs and

A Career in Public Health Essay

1276 words - 5 pages responsibility to protect and promote the health of the citizens in a given jurisdiction.”(2) Overall, these professionals try to “prevent problems from happening or re-occurring through implementing educational programs, developing policies, administering services, regulating health systems and some health professions, and conducting research.”(1) As an educator and as someone within the health profession, the Public Health Specialist will embark on

Benefits of Public Health Care

1479 words - 6 pages As a Canadian, I am proud to say that my country provides public health care to its citizens. Canada provides health insurance plans that supply coverage to its entire people. Under the health care system, individual citizens are provided care and medical treatments from physicians as well as access to hospitals, dental care and additional medical services. Most citizens qualify for health coverage regardless of medical history, personal income

Constructivism: A Matter of Interpretation

1924 words - 8 pages Constructivism: A Matter of Interpretation The theory of constructivism rests on the notion that there is an innate human drive to make sense of the world. Instead of absorbing or passively receiving objective knowledge that is "out there," learners actively construct knowledge by integrating new information and experiences into what they have previously come to understand, revising and reinterpreting old knowledge in order to reconcile it

A Career as a Public Health Specialist

1244 words - 5 pages of the citizens in a given jurisdiction.”(2) Overall, these professionals try to “prevent problems from happening or re-occurring through implementing educational programs, developing policies, administering services, regulating health systems and some health professions, and conducting research.”(1) As an educator, and as someone within the profession, the Public Health Specialist will embark on opportunity to play an important role in the

Teen Obesity: A Public Health Crisis

2028 words - 8 pages Teenage obesity is a major public health crisis nationally and internationally. “In 2012 the percentage of adolescents aged 12­19 years were obese.The increase of teenage obesity in 2010 to 2014 was from 5% to nearly 21% in the United States” (Flegal,2013). Teenage obesity is a serious problem in the United States and needs to be addressed. Causes Teenage obesity is caused by numerous of things such as a person’s lifestyle, eating habits, and

Childhood Obesity: A Public Health Issue

2687 words - 11 pages /obesity/data/index.html Center for Responsive Politics. (nd.) Clients lobbying on S.3307: Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Retrieved from: Ferguson, C., Downey, M., Kornbler, S., Lopez, N., Muldoon, A. (2009). Review of Obesity Related Legislation & Federal Programs, A Research Report for the STOP Obesity Alliance. The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health

The Selection of a Learning Management System for The University of Public Health

2169 words - 9 pages Introduction Companies create education and training departments to support professional development goals of employees and external clients. Although the purpose for these education initiatives may seem obvious, defining the technologies to use when it comes to curricula can be rather obscure. The University of Public Health (UofPH), an organization established to provide high-quality learning opportunities through the delivery of timely and

A Review of the Columbian Exchange

1453 words - 6 pages European flora and fauna had on the New World, changing the Americas forever. The Columbian Exchange would be an excellent book for any historian, but not someone looking for a great story. The book was very hard to follow due to the amount of information given in each chapter. Choosing which information was most important in Crosby's book, was a very difficult task. Crosby also had a tendency to deviate from the subject matter and does not always

Impact of Vertical Mobility on Employee Efficiency: A Comparative Study of Public and Private Health Sectors

2647 words - 11 pages comparative in nature and was done on public and private health sector. So for this research the sample was taken from Holy Family Hospital and Shifa International Hospital. 1.1. HOLY FAMILY HOSPITAL Holy Family Hospital is a renowned and well reputed hospital situated at the heart of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. It is a progressive, full service hospital offering advanced medical and surgical care as well as specialty support and outpatient services. It was

The Lack of Knowledge on Public Health

1441 words - 6 pages them time but it also gives that medical facility an idea of whats needed to help the victim better. So health literacy is extremely important. BODY PARAGRAPH 1 Being health literate could save million of lives and also save that person a lot of time, money, effort. As it stated in perspective in public health by lizzy hay, those who are health literate have a major advantage over the ones who do not. As she states in her major point in the

Similar Essays

Purpose Of Needle Exchange Programs Essay

962 words - 4 pages offer free new sterile needles in exchange for old used ones that are collected from injection drug users (Health News). Two main arguments for needle exchange programs include that the needle exchange would help prevent the spread of disease and that they are key to fighting HIV and in turn saving lives. Since, the needle exchange programs don’t really force people to get off the substance they are abusing, a lot of users will actually choose

Overview Of Public Health Essay

1173 words - 5 pages the specific goal of being researchers (epidemiologists) while others know that they will practice for a few years, but then work at the administrative level with the aim of improving the way healthcare is delivered. As far as the price, the cost of applying to public health programs might be a challenge for the students. Concerning the place, the video will talk about opportunities for students to attend different symposiums initiated by local

History Of Public Health Essay

1102 words - 4 pages popular as aspirin is today. Public health can be dated back to the Romans whom understood even during this time frame that proper division of human waste was a necessary tenant of public health in urban areas. Even dating as early as 1000 BC, the Chinese developed the practice of variolations following a smallpox epidemic. An individual without the disease could gain some measure of immunity against it by inhaling the dried crusts that formed

A Matter Of Fate Essay

2224 words - 9 pages from fatigue (Hosseini, 138-139). Baba’s change of lifestyle to a much poorer one is a big change in his life because he now has lost everything he worked hard for back in Afghanistan. Another part of Baba’s life that changes is his health. At no point during the novel was Baba ever sick in Afghanistan, once living in America however Baba’s health immediately deteriorates and he eventually passes away. Shortly after moving to America, Amir