It has been shown that organizations that are part of an enterprise network achieve a more solid and competitive structure, can access specialized services technology, purchase of inputs, financing and improvement of industrial processes, in addition to enhancing its competitive progress in terms of processes products and innovation.
Michael Porter established a theoretical framework for enterprise application in industries which analyzed the processes and activities that create value in the organization and dynamics with your competition and market. However, the formulation of the Porter value chain was limited to vertical view of organizations, making rigid implementation in non-industrial or horizontal integration features flexible sectors. Porter looked for human value as a resource of production, basing its model on optimizing costs, differentiation and profitability.
The concept of value chain has evolved in recent years rising to become the concept of value networks where the links of the value chain are invested in flow management and is part of customer preferences followed by management all business processes, distribution, product design, etc. . To deliver a deal valued by the market. In this new approach, enterprise networks where nodes are actors, companies, individuals or entities from which the interdependent relationships are established by organizations to adopt more horizontal, flexible, configurable and efficient structures are woven.
In the past, the organizational structure was oriented towards stabilization; today said structure is designed to manage the ongoing global change. Enterprise networks proposed government less hierarchical structures and a large capacity for multidimensional integration articulated the various nodes.
We can take the following items of business or organizational network as the basis of the current analysis :
Organizational structure is a network framework that provides a basis for the simultaneous operation, coordinated , balanced and integrated more than an organization, it presents the various inter- relationships between the different elements that constitute it. These interrelationships include technical and behavioural aspects based on the conditions and components that influence your own . ( Louffat , 2009).
A business network is a coordinated group of a number of independent organizations , with flows of resources , information and knowledge , which are grouped by bonds of trust relationships to achieve common goals , achieving higher levels of efficiency and competitiveness that are unattainable individually. (Gonzalez, 2010). Enterprise networks are structured with the purpose of developing joint strategies which generate competitive advantages, together encaren the changing market environment, implement technologies to manage knowledge and collective efficiency , combining culture network to minimize controversy.
The structuring of business networks seeks to enhance individual skills in...