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T. S. Eliot: Tradition And The Individual Talent

773 words - 3 pages

Thomas Steams Eliot: 20th cent. Angle-American poet and critic. He belongs to the New Critical Formalist literary theory, and is " classicist in nature, royalist in politics, and Anglo-Catholic in religion." (1089)"Objective Correlative": " The only way of expressing emotion in the form of art is by finding an 'objective correlative'; in other words, a set of objects, a situation, a chain of events which shall be the formula of that particular emotion; such that when the external facts, which must terminate in sensory experience, are given, the emotion is immediately evoked." (1090)The Waste Land: Eliot's " Epic of decay ". it manifests Eliot's formalist theory as expressed in " tradition and the individual talent through the usage of techniques such as allusions, imagery, and experimentations with style.Tradition and the Individual Talent; An essay in which Eliot defines tradition, art, and the artist, and how they are connected.A. "No poet, no artist of any art, has his complete meaning alone." (1093)1- " The most individual parts of his work may be those in which dead poets, his ancestors, assert their immortality' most vigorously. "(1093)2- " The historical sense, which we may call nearly indispensable ... involves a perception, not only of the pastiness of the past, but of its presence." (1093)B. " Novelty is better than repetition."(1093)1- Tradition is not "following the ways of the immediate generation before us in a blind or timid adherence to its successes." (1093)2- If the work of art merely conformed without adding anything, then "it would not be new, and would therefore not be a work of art ". (1093)3- " It will even be affirmed that much learning deadens or prevents poetic sensibility." (1094)C. "The existing monuments form an ideal order among themselves, which is modified by the introduction of the new (the really new) work of art among them." (1093)1- "This historical sense, which is a sense of the timeless as well as of the temporal... is what makes a writer traditional." (1093)2- "The past should be altered by the present as much as the present is directed by the past." (1093)3- He must be quite aware of the obvious fact that art never improves, but that the material of art is never quite the same." (1094)4- " The difference between the present and the past is that the conscious present...

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