Dwight David Eisenhower (1955), the 34th President of the United States, gave an explicit definition of leadership, “The job of getting people really wanting to do something is the essence of leadership….” The Army, like any other civilian organization, defines different levels of leadership depending on a size of a unit a leader is in command of. Tactical and organizational leaderships are two first interconnected levels of leadership in the Army. Both levels of leadership have many commonalities regarding duties and responsibilities; yet they are very different in the way the leaders develop themselves, train, and take care of their soldiers.
The most notable difference between these two levels of leadership is the part that leaders take in soldiers’ training. Both types of leadership are actively involved in the training process. Tactical Leaders participate directly in the training process on a daily basis, whereas organizational leaders act more as supervisors. Tactical leaders always are close to the front, right next to their subordinate soldiers both in the barracks and on the field. They mostly exert their leadership by personal presence and “lead by example” model. The organizational leaders will be more involved in providing a broad vision, developing concepts, setting up the goals and guidelines, and planning the training process rather than executing it. These different dimensions of responsibilities require different levels of education accordingly.
Another difference between these two leaderships is self-development. Self-development is a continuous process, and most leaders consider it being a key to successful leadership.
Leaders think analytically and creatively, considering multiple perspectives and their decisions' intended and unintended consequences. Just as we train to hone technical and tactical proficiency in leaders, we develop them intellectually to improve their ability to handle ideas, thoughts, and concepts. (Army Leadership: Doctrine and the New FM 22 -100, 2005)
Tactical leaders mostly deal with considerably smaller scale issues at hand that do not require holding an education degree or analytical thinking. On the other hand, organizational leaders...