This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Taiga Biome Essay

1752 words - 7 pages

The Taiga Biome is a large, naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major part of both Siberia and North America. It is usually found at high elevations at more temperate latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere. It is the largest terrestrial biome on earth, covering around 50 million acres of land (NP, UC Santa Barbara). It is known for its subarctic climate that ranges between -51 to -1 °C in the winter and -21 to 7 °C in the summer. The two main season found in the taiga are summer and winter as autumn and spring are usually very short and barely noticeable. Winter makes up around six months of the year, with only around 50-100 frost-free days during the summer. Summer is also the season during which the taiga receives the most precipitation in form of rain. The remainder is made up of snow and dew, which adds up to around 30-85cm of precipitation yearly (NP, S.L. Woodward).

The taiga is also known as boreal forest and is mainly distinguishable due to its abundance of carnivorous forests that are primarily made up of conifer or cone-bearing trees (NP, UC Santa Barbara). Three of the four most common conifers are evergreens, namely spruce, fir, and pine. The fourth conifer is the tamarack, also known as the larch, which is a deciduous tree. Other types of deciduous trees that can occasionally be found in the taiga include oak, birch, willow, and alder trees. The taiga does not feature a wide variety of plant life in comparison with other biomes due to its harsh climate; thin, acidic, and nutrient-lacking soil; and rocky terrain.

As a result of these factors, the flora has adapted to these conditions in a variety of ways including their shape, leaf type, root system, and color. One of the most prominent adaptations is that evergreens do not lose their leaves in the cold climate, which means that they do not have to regrow them in the spring. This is beneficial, as the trees need energy from the sun and from the soil to regrow leaves. As the taiga does not receive a lot of sunlight and the soil is usually low on nutrients, the trees are not provided with large amounts of energy to grow. Therefore, by keeping their leaves, the trees are able to conserve more energy for structural growth as opposed to leaf growth. Another notable adaptation is the change from broadleaf to narrow needle-like structures in order to minimize water loss through transpiration, which is the evaporation of water through aerial parts of the plant. Despite the fact that the taiga has moderately high precipitation levels, the ground freezes during the winter, which prevents plant roots from getting water. As evergreen needles limit the area from which water can evaporate and do not contain much sap, the tree is able to conserve water and avoid damage to the needles due to freezing temperatures. The dark green color of needles also plays a significant role in the adaptation of the plants as this allows the needles to better absorb sunlight, and as the...

Find Another Essay On Taiga Biome

Comparison of Biomes Essay

878 words - 4 pages known species in this biome are polar bears and arctic foxes. Some migratory birds such as harlequin ducks are living in this biome, too. Tundra is fragile biome. Mining and pesticide usage is the major factor that harms its biodiversity since it breaks the food chain for migratory birds. The Boreal Forest is a lot different than Tundra. It is also called as “Taiga”, and the largest biome in Canada. The Boreal Shield is located just south of

Biomes of the World Essay

2365 words - 9 pages biomes are the tundra, taiga, tropical rain forest, temperate forests, desert, grassland, savanna, chaparral, and marine. Each biome has it’s own characteristics such as the tundra. The tundra is a biome that is located in the Northern Hemisphere of the world. It circles the North Pole and reaches down to the taiga. The tundra has a very cold and harsh climate, especially in the winters. The average winter temperatures is about -30°F and

The Importance of Biomes

2706 words - 11 pages ://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/grasslands.htm] [http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/glossary/gloss5/biome/grassland.html] Polar and boreal climate zones The polar and boreal climate zones have average temperatures below 5 degrees Celsius. Two very harsh biomes are found here: 1) Taiga, and 2) Tundra. Lets take a look at what each biome is, and what life is sustained there. Taigas are called boreal forests and they develop between temperatures of 5 and -5

The Natural Environment

907 words - 4 pages Asia are called tundra. Taiga is the named given to land in between the cold tundra and the warmer temperate forest and grassland biomes. Tundra is one of the coldest biome. Tundra means in Finnish - tunturia, meaning treeless plain. It is noted for its frost-molded landscapes, extremely low temperatures, little precipitation, poor nutrients, and short growing seasons. Tundra is separated into two types: arctic tundra and alpine tundra. Coniferous

Biome Essay

892 words - 4 pages are born in this period. The climate is cold summers and very cold winters characterize the tundra area in the northern most limit plant growth. Areas of low rainfall, which should be as deserts remain wet because evapotranspiration is low and frozen ground retains water. Taiga or Forest Extensions of this biome are observed in the mountains, even tropical. The forest is relatively homogeneous and their way

Schizophrenia

819 words - 3 pages Notes for Chapter 5 Lesson 2 Part 2 1. The taiga is a cold region of cone-bearing evergreen trees.2. The Northern Coniferous Forest is also called a biome.3. Even when it is winter the taiga is warmer and wetter than the tundra.4. The precipitation averages from 35cm to 100cm a year most of it being snow.5. In Northern areas of taiga's permafrost is found.6. The taiga's ground thaws completely during summer, which makes the trees grow.7. Very

Different Biomes of the world

3184 words - 13 pages cool summers. There is a good amount of rain. During their long winters Taiga often receives snowfall. The Taiga area stretches across the northern hemisphere. They are evergreen trees, shrubs, and forbs growing all over this biome. Bogs are often formed after it rains due to the deep depressions in the ground from glaciers of the past.The tundra is the simplest biome in terms of species composition and food chains. There is a low temperature and

Explain what is meant by the biosphere and ecological diversity and give examples of some major biomes

2057 words - 8 pages , where larches (Larix), which are deciduous conifers, are more dominant. Common tree species of the taiga biome include Picea (spruce), Abies (fir), Populus (poplar) as well as Larix (larches). Then there are shrubs like the Salix (willow), Betula (birch) and Ledum (Labrador tea). Herbaceous vegetation is dominated by mosses and lichens. The taiga is characterised by sever winters with most of the rain fall occurring during the summer season. Since

Tropical Rainforest Biomes

2040 words - 8 pages are extremely different compared to other biomes such as tundra, desert, alpine, savannah and taiga. Their rich vegetation, diversity of plants, animals, the moisture, the growth rate of the plants and climate make them so unique (SIL, 2014: para.4). In biomes such as a Desert where there is a battle for water, in rainforests, it is a battle for sunlight. Although, what makes tropical rainforests unique compared to temperate rainforests is the

Biomes

542 words - 2 pages ;Energy and nutrients in the form of dead organic material 7.     Large population oscillations Arctic tundra is located in the northern hemisphere, encircling the North Pole and extending south to the Coniferous forests of the Taiga. The arctic is known for its cold, desert-like conditions. The growing season ranges from 50 to 60 days. The average winter temperature is -34° C (-30° F), but the average summer temperature is

Ecosystems- This essay covers every major biome in biology, addresses every key term in Enviromental Biology, and gives great illistrations of each biome

6053 words - 24 pages foxes. Large predators, such as bears, cougars, and bobcats, form the tertiary consumers, and eat smaller animals.V. TaigaA taiga is a moist sub arctic forest dominated by conifers (as in spruce and fir) that begins where the tundra ends. (1)There are very few species of trees exist in the taiga forests. Normally evergreen spruce, firs, pine, larch or tamarack make up all the taiga's of the world. The cone or spiral shape of these trees adapt to

Similar Essays

Taiga Biome Essay

676 words - 3 pages The Taiga Biome is also known as the boreal forest. The taiga biome is the largest terrestrial biome and extends across Europe, North America, and Asia. The taiga is located near the tundra biome. It has short wet summers and l0ng cold winters. The taiga get a large amount of snow during the winter and plenty rain during the summer. The taiga is found throughout the high northern areas. The taiga makes up 29% of the

Creative Writing: Tiaga Biome Essay

988 words - 4 pages Walid: The taiga biome is mostly located in the northern hemisphere. It is the largest terrestrial biome in the world. It takes up 27% of the world. The word Taiga comes from a Russian Origin. Miguel: When you're inside the boundaries of the biome some of the trees and plants that could be found are the Balsam fir, Douglas-firs, the Eastern Red Cedar, Jack Pine, and Birch Tree's. All firs and hemlocks are thick and have waxy needles that prevent

Taiga Essay

792 words - 4 pages The taiga is largest biome. It covers 11% of the Northern Hemisphere area and it covers 27 percent of world's total forest. It is stretches across much of Canada, Northern Europe, and Asia. The Siberian Taiga is biggest forest in the world. Stretches 5700 km from west to east and 1000 km from north to south. In North America, it stretches 6200km from west to east and about 500 km from north to south. It is located just south of the Tundra. In

Taiga Essay

1017 words - 5 pages Introduction/General information The Taiga is a biome that originates from Northern Russia that means or describes a cool large land with many conifers. Upper North America, Northern Europe and Northern Asia all are mostly Taiga. It is the largest biome and contains mostly conifers but does not have that many animals. The climate is mostly very cold and snowy in the winter and warm in the summer while fall and spring are just transition