Tailbone Fracture Essay

790 words - 3 pages

Tailbone FractureThe Coccyx, commonly known as your tailbone is located at the very endof the vertebral column. Your tailbone is the result of four coccygeal bones fusingtogether as a child forming one single bone. In early revolution it was viewed as aremnant that strongly related us to primates, people believed it was a remnantof a tail. However, your tailbone has a very important function. Your tailbonehelps to anchor many important structures such as your pelvis. The muscles forma "pelvic floor." When these two structures are not working together bowel,bladder, and sexual problems are more likely to occur. There is an importantcollection of nerves directly in front of the tailbone partially responsible for controlof the pelvic organs. More importantly the tailbone contains tissue that helpsprotect the brain and spinal cord.A tailbone fracture is often caused by falling into a sitting position on thetailbone. It may also occur if you take a direct "blow" to this area. Those whoparticipate in contact sports, have a history of bone or joint disease, obesity, orpoor nutrition run a higher risk of this injury. To help prevent injury to yourtailbone it is wise to use "sacral" padding while playing contact sports. Taking anadequate amount of calcium (1000 mg - 1500 mg) such as milk and milkproducts will also help.To diagnose a tailbone fracture common steps are taken such as X-raysincluding the entire lower back, pelvis, and hips. The Doctor will also take allmedical history. Some symptoms that may help you to identify a tailbone fractureyourself are bruising of the lower back, pain walking and sitting, swelling at thepoint of injury and the area may seem tender to touch.When a tailbone fracture occurs the sacrum and the muscles that connectthe two are strained as well. It is very damaging to the surrounding area, it maydamage soft tissue around the fracture site, muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments,Periosteum (covering to the bone), blood vessels and connective tissue. Thespreading of electrical disturbance when the tailbone is injured has been linked todisturbances in heart rhythm. A tailbone fracture can lead to complicationsalmost anywhere in the body due to the connection of the spinal cord andcoccyx. Headaches are very common after damage to this area. It is crucial toprotect This part of the body.At the time of the fracture it may be necessary for a doctor to manipulatethe tailbone followed by physical therapy and...

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