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Tailless Whip Scorpions Essay

1051 words - 5 pages

Amblypygids, the scientific name for the Tailless Whip Scorpion, means blunt rump. When it comes to this creature and arachnids in general, the name is quite literal because they have no tail. Tailless Whip Scorpions, also known as Whip Spiders, look vicious but are virtually harmless. Funny enough, they became well noted in the arachnid world for how chilling and intimidating they appear. They were first discovered by Steven Blankaart in 1688 and first published about by Carl Linnaeus’ 1756 book Habitat In America.
The scientific name for the Tailless Whip Scorpion is Amblypygids. Their domain is Eukarya, kingdom is Animalia, phylum is Athropoda, class is Arachnida, order is Amblypygi, family is Paracharontidae, and their genus is Heterophrynus Pocock. Tailless Whip Scorpions can range from three to twenty-six point three inches, with legsize in consideration. Their bodies are wide and flat with a sturdy carapace and a segmented abdomen. They have a pair of eyes at the front of the carapace and three eyes further back on the carapace on each side. Even though Tailless Whip Scorpion possesses eight eyes their eyesight is poor to below average. Their pedipalps serve as sensors and are modified for grabbing and keeping possession of their prey. Their first pair of legs are used as sensory organs and not used for walking. These legs are very thin and can lengthen several times the scorpion’s body. They use these legs to feel out the surface they’re walking on in front of them. The other six legs are for walking. They have eight legs in total. They lack silk-spinning spinnerets that most spiders have and poison glands that most scorpions have. This leaves them harmless to species larger than them. They get the term “Whip Scorpion” or “Whip Spider” from the pair of legs they have on the forefront of their bodies. These legs can contain over one hundred different joints.
Tailless Whip Scorpions are exclusively nocturnal. During the daytime they hide in crevices in trees and hide under rocks. Some can be found living in caverns. The ways that the Tailless Whip Scorpion males show their dominance do vary. When they see a male scorpion while they are around female scorpions they engage in violent behavior. They first display their pedipalps and then begin to flick each other with their lengthy legs. When the fight escalates the scorpions get closer and begin to shove each other and lock mouthparts and claws. Fights will result in who allows the other scorpions to step over each other first. If the scorpions stay in the same area the other scorpion will passively avoid the winner. They live in humid and subtropical habitats, such as Costa Rica or Puerto Rico.
Other than that they are usually peaceful animals. They are mostly solitary, hanging around trees waiting for insects to pass while waving their pedipalps. If attacked, they will most likely try to runaway. If running away isn’t an option used their pedipalps as a defensive...

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