In deciding on which course of action would be the most appropriate in resolving the Taiwan-China conflict, it would be necessary to understand the conflict and the attempts made to resolve such conflict to have a proper perspective on the issue. It would also help to analyze why the previous techniques were not successful before adopting any policy recommendation to resolve the conflict.
I. Description of the Taiwan-China conflict
The conflict between Taiwan roots back in 1911 when a revolution overthrew the Qing dynasty. China was fragment after the fall of Qing dynasty and civil war followed (Myers 1) in 1915.
In this condition, the political party that gave birth to Taiwan, the Guomindang or GMD was formed and so was the ruling party in China, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). These two political parties however begun as allies in Southeast China in their effort to crush the warlords in 1923 that caused the civil war in China. The alliance however was short lived because it collapsed within four years and the two political parties became bitter enemies that precipitated another civil war. GMD’s generals pledge loyalty to its new leader Chiang Kaishek and formed a new Republic of China in Nanjing and later formed a new ROC government in Nanjing in 1927 (Myers 1). Chiang Kaishek had the upper hand over the CCP in 1937 as Chiang Kaishek army drove the Communists into the Northwest region of China.
Japan however attacked China in July 1937 to make Chiang Kaishek ROC a client state of Japan. The attack was thwarted because Taiwan and China again forged an alliance to defeat Japan. This alliance lasted for eight years until Japan was defeated in August 15, 1945. During this time, Chiang Kaishek also allied with the United States which lasted until 1949.
China on the other is building up its forces beginning in the Autumn of 1945 when it begun amassing weapons from the Russians in Manchuria. It also initiated land reform in the countryside as a precursor to Maoist strategy of encircling cities by cutting them off from the countryside. The strategy coupled with superior weapons proved to be effective in defeating Chiang Kaishek’s forces and advanced further towards Northern China until finally, CPP soldiers captured Beijing on January 31, 1949. Months later, Mao declared the founding of the new Chinese state in October 1, 1949 which is the People's Republic of China (13). Chiang Kai-shek on the other hand retreated to Formosa which is now Taiwan to seek refuge from Mao’s advancing armies (Ford 36) which it still continue to occupy until this day.
II. Description of the various conflict management techniques used, the third parties that were active in attempts to resolve the conflict, and the outcomes of these conflict management efforts.
Efforts however were made to reconcile Taiwan and China after Mao’s declaration of People's Republic of China or PROC as we know it today. On April 27, 1993, China and Taiwan begun...