Taiwan's Future Essay

3629 words - 15 pages

Huang PAGE 18John Huang (Secondary School)GOVT S-1925 PAGE 1Professor David A. Rezvani28 July 2014Taiwan's Future: Unifying or NotAfter World War II, Taiwan was returned to China from Japan according to Japanese Instrument of Surrender. China, then, appointed the chief executive for Taiwan, and ruled it until 1949 when the Nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) in China lost the civil war with the Communist Party of China (CPC). KMT's officials and army flee to Taiwan, and establish Republic of China (ROC) with a new capital city, Taipei. Meanwhile, CPC claimed China, or People's Republic of China (PRC), as its territory, and started its communist practices, such as the Five Year Plans, that combined Leninist ideas and the CPC chairman, Mao Zedong's, policies.The following paper is going to argue that China will unify Taiwan in the future. The paper will present the idea that even if Taiwan refuse to unify with China, China will still enforce the unification to happen either in one step, or in "a thousand cut" like Hong Kong (Rezvani 2013). President Ma favors China, and consistently talks with China for political issues. This brings Taiwan closer to China politically. Furthermore, there are signed economic agreements and potential economic contracts between China and Taiwan, which, again, brings Taiwan and China closer together since the economic pacts might let Taiwan relies on China more. Lastly, the paper will draw the attention to the counterargument: Some scholars and Taiwanese citizens might declare that Taiwan will forever be a democratic country with its own sovereignty based on the recent protests, and the Taiwan Relation Act between Taiwan and USA will protect Taiwan from China's dominance. On the other hand, there are evidences that show neither the protests nor the Act can stop China's movements to dominate Taiwan.USA played a special role in this conflict. During the Chinese Civil War, USA supported KMT since they did not want the Communists to win. Thus, USA continued its support to Taiwan in later years. However, after 1971, President Nixon decided to focus the attention on People's Republic of China (PRC) and brought them to communicate with the world and the rest of Asia (Goldstein 2000, P.25), which means USA would not help ROC to gain any international recognition. In 1971, Taiwan withdrew its seat in the United Nations, and PRC replaced Taiwan to represent people from "China".Now, Taiwan has no linkage to the outside international organizations besides the relationship with USA. From USA's point of view, to keep this relationship could preserve its own military and political circles in Asia since they had the right to give Taiwan military equipments and political advice, and if necessary, military force could mobilize to Taiwan. Moreover, Taiwan had democratization that favored by USA from 1986 to 1996, when the first presidential election was held. In 1986, President Chiang Ching-Kuo ended martial law, and the opposition of KMT formed...

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