Tanf In The United States Essay

3808 words - 15 pages

In the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, social welfare in the United States tended to be operated mostly by private and religious organizations. The original concepts of social welfare were based upon protestant ethics along with liberal values. It was believed that only people of "weak character" could become poverty stricken. At this time, the American ideal was to be a "self made man", meaning that a person was able to succeed by living independently and not looking for help from anyone (Zeylmans, 2007, para. 3). During this time, people relied on the concept of neighborhood assistance, meaning that people would rely on people they knew as well as on their families, neighbors, and others in the community (Zeylmans, 2007). Most of the private and religious organizations' attitudes were held against state run welfare programs. They claimed individual help with goods to be much more effective than financial help from the government (Zeylmans, 2007).In 1935, the Social Security Act was implemented for the first time and it was done under Franklin D. Roosevelt administration. When Social Security Act was first introduced, it was an emergency program for people who suffered from the effects of the Great Depression (Zeylmans, 2007). However, soon after the implementation, it became the basis of the federal welfare system. The three major provisions covered under the Social Security Act included a national contributory old age insurance which is federally required, state-run unemployment insurance and federally subsidized public assistance (Zeylmans, 2007).Public assistance programs already existed in certain states in the early 1930s. Assistance for the elderly poor and for dependent children was the most important of these programs. Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) became the most important program, and it was organized and financed by the states and communities and supported by federal grants. Coverage and benefits varied considerably across the states, generally providing the least to the poorest people in the poorest states and leaving many impoverished families without any coverage at all (Zeylmans, 2007). The primary goal of AFDC was to provide economic support for children whose parent (usually the father) had died, had left, or had become disabled. The legislators thought that paying AFDC to mothers with children was a better alternative than paying to care for the children in orphanages, where many poor mothers had been forced to put their children when they could not afford to take care of them (Gariepy, 2005).As of 1990, states that operated AFDC were required to offer AFDC to children in two-parent families who were needy because one or both of their parents were unemployed. This program was called AFDC-UP (unemployed parent) (Gariepy, 2005). Eligibility for AFDC-UP was limited to the families in which the principal wage earner was unemployed but had a history of working. AFDC-UP was intended to eliminate...

Find Another Essay On TANF in the United States

Immigration in the United States Essay

1104 words - 4 pages The United States has often been referred to as a global “melting pot” due to its assimilation of diverse cultures, nationalities, and ethnicities. In today’s society, this metaphor may be an understatement. Between 1990 and 2010, the number of foreign born United States residents nearly doubled from 20 million to 40 million, increasing the U.S. population from almost 250 million to 350 million people. With U.S. born children and grandchildren

Divorce in the United States Essay

1250 words - 5 pages only 6 weeks -- and file for divorce on grounds ofmental cruelty.Popular attitudes toward divorce changed as the United Statesbecame more urbanized and less religious. The increasingacceptance of divorce was reflected in court interpretations ofexisting laws and in new legislation enacted by the states. Twotendencies merged, making possible the establishment of new andeasier grounds for divorce. The focus of state divorce, whichpreviously concerned

Poverty in the United States

1004 words - 5 pages It certainly seems peculiar how so much disparity exists among the haves and have-nots in the country that leads the free world. The high level of poverty in the United States coupled with the disparaging rates of income are at times hard to comprehend. How can a country of such great wealth and power also be a country of vast poverty? Poverty will always be evident in the United States to some extent. However, minimizing poverty and income

Immigration in the United States

1983 words - 8 pages Immigration is what has made America what it is today. An immigrant is a person who comes to a country to take up permanent residence. Everyone in the United States of America is an immigrant either moving here themselves or being directly related to someone who did. All of us came from different parts of the world even as far back as the Native Americans when they emigrated from Asia to the United States. Immigration is needed to grow America

Immigration in the United States

1338 words - 5 pages Latinos and Asians also came to America as immigrants. Immigration has helped the United States by giving a helping hand and providing a workforce to deal with America’s growing manufacturing economy. In 1880-1930 more than 27 million new immigrants came to America from Italy, Germany, Europe, Russia, England, Canada, Ireland, and Sweden. Apart from all these countries, Mexico is the largest immigration source country. Chinese and Indian immigrants

Prostitution in the United States

1200 words - 5 pages Prostitution is illegal in the United States, except for some counties in Nevada. However, prostitution is in most part of the United States, despite the fact that it has been legalized. Prostitution is an act whereby, one sells his/her body for sex. In the United States, Prostitution is divided into three broad categories; street, escort, and brothel prostitution. Brothel prostitution takes place in brothel houses, which are houses where

Buddhism in the United States

2545 words - 10 pages For the past 16 years, all denominations of the Buddhist religion have experienced an unparalleled growth in the United States of America. From years 1990 through 2001, Buddhism grew to 170% and transformed into the fourth most practiced religion in America. According to Lewis (n.d.), “Furthermore, in year 2001 the ARIS (American Religious Identity Survey) found that there were more Buddhists than Unitarian Universalists, Atheists, Hindus

IMMIGRATION IN THE UNITED STATES

2115 words - 8 pages Immigration has been a very serious problem within the United States for many years. I personally feel that it is hurting our economy because of the drain of open jobs available to our own citizens. Immigration is a very controversial issue not only at home, but also amongst the entire world today. The majority of this "movement" is taking place within the U.S. It has caused a dramatic increase in population. Because of the increase, crime rates

Abortion in the United States

1758 words - 8 pages Taylor Martin Ms. VanNorman Senior Lit 3/19/2014 Abortion in the United States The United States Government should illegalize abortion for many different reasons including, a potential life has ended before given a chance remains evidence enough for most people to understand why a person should never have a choice of whether a baby lives or dies. Studies also show that mothers who choose abortion have a higher health risk rate after the

Slavery in the United States

920 words - 4 pages "Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves; and, under a just God, cannot long retain it." - Roy P. Basler There is multiple reasons why slavery was necessary. There is still so much still in question from the start of slavery until now. Slavery shaped the United States for everything we have today. There are multiple reasons why slavery caused a lot of problems between the whites and the blacks. “We will have to repent

Polygamy in the United States

1211 words - 5 pages Introduction to Sociology May 27, 2008 Baggett 1The practice of polygamy has played a vital role in the cultural development of many countries, including the United States. Although it has been outlawed in the United States for quite some time, it is still practiced in some areas of the west, primarily by followers of a splinter Mormon faith, the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. The communities formed by these

Similar Essays

Welfare In The United States Essay

679 words - 3 pages In the United States, the term "welfare" can be used to refer to cash benefits especially the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) or it can be used to refer to assistance programs including, for example, healthcare, through Medicaid and food and nutrition programs. The AFDC program was created in the 1930's during the Great Depression to relieve the burden of poor families with children who had little or no income to take care of

The United States In Decline Essay

2366 words - 9 pages One of the most vigorous debates focuses on the current status of the United States hegemony and whether or not it is in decline. This begs the question, if the United States is indeed declining in status, will it still be an influential player or not? I argue that the United States is losing its prominent position as the hegemonic leader of the world, but will still remain an influential player in global politics in the following decades to

Hispanics In The United States Essay

1253 words - 6 pages Hispanic population is steadily rising in the United States. As the second largest ethnic group in the United States, Hispanic Americans account for 14.4 % of the total United States or almost 47 million nationally. While some Hispanic Americans are improving socially and economically, others are slowly declining. They also struggle with social, political, and linguistic acceptance. There are concerns over rights and regulations of Hispanic

Homelessness In The United States Essay

1474 words - 6 pages According to the National Student Campaign Against Hunger and Homelessness, “approximately 3.5 million people are homeless each year, while 36.3 million live in households without enough food.” This statistic only reflects the United States, and to many people, it just doesn’t make sense. For instance Alfredzine Black of the YWCA in Marion, Indiana says, “I don’t understand why we have so much poverty in the richest country in the world