This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Tartuffe, A Comedy By Molier Essay

1287 words - 6 pages

Tartuffe is one of the most famous comedies written by the French playwright Molière. The play tells the story of a wealthy Frenchman named Orgon who takes in Tartuffe, a man who presents himself to be religious and passionate but actually turns out to be a hypocrite. Despite his family’s warnings, Orgon completely turns his back on his family in order to protect Tartuffe, who betrays him. During that time the play was first written and performed, many people, along with King Louis XIV himself, enjoyed the play. However, to others it was seen as being critical of religion and the church, which then lead to it being banned. In a political sense, Tartuffe serves as both an endorsement and critique of the ideas of absolutism, divine right, and the patriarchal family.
The story takes place in France during the mid-1600s. Everyone in the family except for Orgon and his mother Madame Pernelle believe that Tartuffe, a man they took in, is a hypocritical fraud. Orgon privately reveals to his daughter Marianne that he wants her to marry Tartuffe. Marianne’s brother Damis learns of his father’s plans and becomes furious. Tartuffe and Elmire (Orgon’s wife) meet up to talk, and Damis hides to eavesdrop. Astonishingly, Tartuffe begins to admit feelings for Elmire and tries to seduce her. Elmire rejects him and then tries to make a deal with him: if he backs out of the marriage with Marianne, she will not inform Orgon of what happened. Just as Tartuffe agrees to this, Damis comes out of hiding and confronts Tartuffe of his wrongdoing. Orgon then walks into the room, and Damis tells him what happened. However, due to his fondness for Tartuffe, Orgon does not believe him! Orgon then goes as far as to disinherit Damis and make Tartuffe his sole heir.
Finally Elmire develops a plan to reveal to Orgon who Tartuffe really is. Orgon becomes enraged with Tartuffe and confronts him. Tartuffe is unbothered by Orgon and reminds him that he has the rights to the property and inheritance. In addition to this, Orgon had trusted Tartuffe with some papers that could get him in trouble, and Tartuffe plans to obtain revenge by reporting Tartuffe to the King. Instead of Orgon being arrested, Tartuffe is arrested because the King saw through his deception. The King graciously pardons Orgon, on account of his previous loyalty.
It is important to keep in mind that Molière created this production during a time in which divine right of the King and absolutism were prevalent. Prior to absolutism, political power was decentralized and spread out among various entities. However, after forty years of war (civil and religious), the country was chaotic and disunited. Something had to be changed, which led to the idea of absolutism. It was designed to unify the country and centralize power by giving it “absolutely” to the monarch. This was supported by the idea that the King had divine right, which meant that he was chosen and given power by God. Citizens did not have the capability to...

Find Another Essay On Tartuffe, a Comedy by Molier

Appearance and Reality in Monkey and Tartuffe

1300 words - 5 pages Creator of Le Misanthrope and French playwright Jean-Baptiste Poquelin had written Tartuffe, or the Impostor during the 17th century. Among the classical stories of the Chinese literature entitled Journey to the West, otherwise known as "Monkey" is created by Chinese scholar Wu Cheng'en. The comedy Tartuffe and the Monkey by Wu Cheng’en are stories accentuating on the exploration of the concepts of appearance and reality. Tartuffe is a simple

Molieres Tartuffe a Masterpiece of French Literature

1786 words - 7 pages Molieres Tartuffe a Masterpiece of French Literature Moliére's Tartuffe has long been considered a masterpiece of French Literature for its powerful social commentary, finely sculptured characters and its presentation of moral theme. While Tartuffe stands soundly on its own merits, its curiosity and impact for audiences both within its own period and for contemporary productions are heightened by the history surrounding its original

Compare and Contrast of “Journey to The West” and “Tartuffe”

998 words - 4 pages , "Tartuffe" was created as a neoclassical comedy, to make fun of the church, which the play was supported by the king. During 1622 to 1673, there was a war between the king and the church, and the victor will gain more power in the future. Therefore, King had allowed Moliere to create this type of play to criticize the church, and by using a homeless, religious hypocrite to symbolize the church, while the ending had emphasize that the

The Voice of Reason in Tartuffe by Jean-Baptiste Poquelin Moliere

1337 words - 5 pages sarcasm and satire to make her point. She is repeatedly chastised by Orgon and Madame Pernelle for her loose tongue. In Critical Essay on Tartuffe author David Partikian describes her character by writing, “… Dorine, has a saucy tongue, she is constantly told to shut up, and on one occasion, Orgon even tries to slap her.”(David Partikian 1) While Dorine’s voice stands out more than the others, she is not the only character that uses reason

False Hypocrisy

871 words - 3 pages /he is preaching thoughts blindly; preaching thoughts blindly spurs only semblance not reality. Ideas expressed zealously and blindly often lead to the creation of a utopian aim for himself or herself. Someone who recklessly pursues their inclination eventually transgresses their own laws. To achieve success one will do anything, blinded by any power they have. This part of Gilde’s statement is exemplified in Moliere’s Tartuffe by Tartuffe

The Face Of Virtue/The Face Of Evil:

2551 words - 10 pages John Machiorlatti and Amanda Chartier Review of ?Tartuffe? Theatre 402 October 30, 2001 The Face of Virtue/The Face of Evil: Tartuffe Brings Laughter and a Lesson to the Power Center Friday evening?s performance of Moliére?s Tartuffe, presented by Minneapolis?s Theatre de la Jeune Lune company, was a thoroughly entertaining display of Renaissance-period drama incorporating modern theatrical practices to create a wonderfully contemporary

Moliere

1284 words - 5 pages tempting his wife as he hid under the dining room table. Often Tartuffe would often comment that the other people of the house where not following God, and that he was his humble servant. Of course he turned out to be a huge hypocrite.The comedy in Tartuffe is a comedy of human nature. Many people agree that Moliere's charector was actually mirroring the hypocrisy in the Church. As with other religious groups and movements such as the

Tartuffe by Moliere: Blinded by Obsession

689 words - 3 pages Batsheva Abraham Survey of Modern Literature II Professor Engelberg March 24, 2014 Tartuffe A man will only see what he wants to see. In "Tartuffe", by Moliere, we are introduced to Orgon, a man so blinded by his obsession with Tartuffe that he falls subject to his deception. Tartuffe pretends to be a devout, pious, and humble man, while in reality is a religious hypocrite. Throughout the play we are presented with many characters who try in

Moliere's Play, Tartuffe

1538 words - 7 pages In Tartuffe, Moliere creates a play that is interesting in so many ways. His comedy reflects a lot on the role of men and women within a family. During this time, it was common for the man to be the head of the household and women to be submissive to the men. Men held the power in the family and made all the decisions. In this play, a man's point of view is the only view that matters. All else do not serve an importance. His lack of trust and

Molire leron sinta

653 words - 3 pages Tartuffe was a play written by Moliere. An eye opener yet comedy play that points the flaws of people and the society who had supremacies, as he used the visual jokes and other kinds of humors that reveals the absurdity of powerful people and in the society of France. It was censored by King Louis XIV due to possible damages that will caused to the religious sector but eventually upon the submission of the explanation of Moliere the play

The Face Of Virtue/The Face Of Evil:

3236 words - 13 pages , by extremists in [society] ? that was Tartuffe.? In other words, the character of Tartuffe represents all of the hypocrites who shunned Moliére?s play and even came close to destroying the playwright and his work. In that sense, there is much tragedy surrounding Tartuffe, even though it is a comedy. Jeune Lune?s name, which literally means ?Theatre of the New Moon,? reflects this approach of finding newness in old theatre forms. They

Similar Essays

Mildred Pierce Describe The Film "Mildred Pierce" As A Film Noir That Has Been Influenced By Both The Maternal Melodrama And The Remarriage Comedy

1614 words - 6 pages comedy starring Cary Grant and Irene Dunne, Dunne’s character is representative of the fun and free world Grant cannot fundamentally accept. The concentration on her beauty and general attractive nature makes the audience feel positive and her ending relationship with Grant lessens the importance of children in a family. Film noir heroines accomplish a very different end in that they are a manifestation of all of society’s greatest fears

Moliere's Tartuffe Essay

839 words - 3 pages Moliere?s Tartuffe; or The Imposter (translated by Christopher Hampton) Presumably written in the late 1650?s Joanne Greendale March 25, 2002 Tartuffe is a five-act comedy that takes place in Orgon?s well-to-do Parisian home. The play begins with Orgon?s mother, Madame Pernelle, admonishing her family for entertaining and enjoying material goods and worldly pleasures. She warns them that they should be following the teachings of Tartuffe, a

Religious Fanaticism Essay

711 words - 3 pages In Moliere’s comedy Tartuffe, The play centers on the family of Orgon, a wealthy and impressionable man, his central target of ridicule is Orgon. Orgon is Moliere’s character of how man can be so blind in his devotion to a belief that he cannot make a good judgement as to the sincerity of others who would use that belief to deceive him. This play fits into the concept of comedy because all of the elements of comedy are present. It happens that

Analysis On The French Comedy Tartuffe

873 words - 4 pages “Tartuffe Reaction Paper” I watched “Tartuffe”, a comedy by the French author Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, widely known by his stage name Moliere. The characters were so well presented to the audience, we had a great understanding of the purpose of each person in the play. The two characters that impressed me the most were Dorine- the maid, and of course, Tartuffe. The energy that the two have is absolutely incredible, and I think every one of us in