Today’s era of business world adapts to everything new but these modern concepts are an indirect tribute to the theories produced by Taylor, Fayol, Mayo and Weber. Taylor’s Scientific management theory is one such example which has become such an important aspects of modern management that it feels unbelievable that his concepts were a part of the history. It is falsely assumed that as the society progresses, the older theories tend to lose their importance. The thing to be noted here is that these theories are based on basic human needs which do not change with time; the thing that changes is the method to fulfil those needs. Investigating earlier management theories is important because these theories are less complex and provide immediate solution to the problems. These theories basically help us to go to the root of the problem and understand its complexity. The better understanding we have about the problem, the easier it is to accomplish the objectives of the company. The following essay states the importance of the Taylor’s Scientific management theory and how it is implemented even today in the business world.
The founding father of scientific management theory is Fredrick Winslow Taylor. He was an American mechanical engineer and an inventor. Modern management theorist Edward Deming credited Taylor for his contributions while Joseph Juran criticized his work for extracting more work from workers. However a careful reading of Taylor’s work will disclose that he placed workers interest as high as the employer’s in his studies. Before the principles of management are discussed it is very important to understand the causes which led Taylor to derive the four principles of management. The three causes are as follows:
1) Workers had a misleading notion in the early 19th century about getting thrown out of their jobs with the introduction of machinery. They believed that the increased output provided by machines at cheaper costs will mean that they would get substituted would machines. These views of workers were challenged by Taylor stating that the trade development history proves that the new machineries and techniques have led to an increase in the productive capacity of men and decrease in the cost; also instead of dismissing workers it has given rise to employment.
2) The substandard management system and unorganized workers were the underlying factors in the inefficiency of an organization. Earlier employers planned out an activity for the worker based on their experience and unsystematic observations. So even though they believed that the work could be done in a much faster way; they did not
have concrete evidence to support it. In addition, the employers used a “carrot and stick” approach to motivate the workers. Taylor was completely against such methods and approach and believed that the best management is the one where the workers put their best foot forward and in return receive special incentives from the management. The...