This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Taylor's Management System. Essay

2252 words - 9 pages

Under Taylor's management system, factories are managed through scientific methods rather than by use of the empirical "rule of thumb" so widely prevalent in the days of the late nineteenth century when F. W. Taylor devised his system and published "Scientific Management" in 1911.The main elements of the Scientific Management are [1] : "Time studies Functional or specialized supervision Standardization of tools and implements Standardization of work methods Separate Planning function Management by exception principle The use of "slide-rules and similar time-saving devices" Instruction cards for workmen Task allocation and large bonus for successful performance The use of the 'differential rate' Mnemonic systems for classifying products and implements A routing system A modern costing system etc. etc. " Taylor called these elements "merely the elements or details of the mechanisms of management" He saw them as extensions of the four principles of management.[2]1. The development of a true science2. The scientific selection of the workman3. The scientific education and development of the workman4. Intimate and friendly cooperation between the management and the men.Taylor warned [3] of the risks managers make in attempting to make change in what would presently be called, the culture, of the organization. He stated the importance of management commitment and the need for gradual implementation and education. He described "the really great problem" involved in the change "consists of the complete revolution in the mental attitude and the habits of all those engaged in the management, as well of the workmen." [4] Taylor taught that there was one and only one method of work that maximized efficiency. "And this one best method and best implementation can only be discovered or developed through scientific study and analysis... This involves the gradual substitution of science for 'rule of thumb' throughout the mechanical arts." [5] "Scientific management requires first, a careful investigation of each of the many modifications of the same implement, developed under rule of thumb; and second, after time and motion study has been made of the speed attainable with each of these implements, that the good points of several of them shall be unified in a single standard implementation, which will enable the workman to work faster and with greater easy than he could before. This one implement, then is the adopted as standard in place of the many different kinds before in use and it remains standard for all workmen to use until superseded by an implement which has been shown, through motion and time study, to be still better." [6] An important barrier to use of scientific management was the limited education of the lower level of supervision and of the work force. A large part of the factory population was composed of recent immigrants who lacked literacy in English. In Taylor's view, supervisors and workers with such low levels of education were not qualified...

Find Another Essay On Taylor's management system.

Taylorism or Scientific Management Principles at Ford Motors Company

2069 words - 8 pages The central theme of this essay will deal with the role of Taylorism or scientific management in a specific organization. The primary focus will be to critically discuss how the various methods of scientific management are applicable to the chosen organization, which in this case will be Ford Motors. The essay will describe F.W. Taylor's early work life and techniques of scientific management and its success. It will then go on to discuss the

Frederick Winslow Taylor Essay

1498 words - 6 pages referred to as the "Father of Scientific Management." The modern systems ofmanufacturing and management would not be the examples of efficiency that they are today,without the work of Taylor. Frederick Taylor was instrumental in bringing industry out of thedark ages by beginning to revolutionize the way work was approached. Taylor was able toincrease wages, productivity and reduce per piece costs at the same time. Taylor's work waseventually

A Managers Role and Motivation Techniques

1770 words - 7 pages how slowly he can work and still convince his employer that he is going at a good pace" Frederick Taylor. Whereas, Mayo showed that worker's enjoy working together. Taylor's uses an autocratic management style in which the manager's make all of the decisions. Mayo's theory advocates group work, teams collectively working towards a goal. However, Taylor thought that it is the manager's responsibility to delegate small tasks to each individual and

Taylor's Scientific Management Principles

904 words - 4 pages Frederick Taylor's "The principles of Scientific Management" discusses the steps to achieve "national efficiency", which is when all employees and machines work to their fullest potential to achieve maximum prosperity for both the employer and the employee. Taylor argues that the present day workforce is in no way efficient, but is the main cause of our economic turmoil. We must remember that Taylor wrote in a time when factories were creating

Taylorism and McDonaldization

1619 words - 6 pages direct and indirect labour was Taylor's third principle. The forth principle involved deskilling workers and maximum reduction for time spent training the worker. The fifth principle stated that management had to make sure machines were distributed in a way, which helped minimize useless, time consuming motions. Taylor perceived workers as not intelligent enough to manage themselves, so the only condition they had to satisfy in order to be

Henry Fayol and Frederick Winslow Taylor’s Contribution to Management Thought: An Overview

4985 words - 20 pages ABC Journal of Advanced Research, Volume 1, No 2 (2012) ISSN 2304-2621 Asian Business Consortium, USA | ABC-JAR Page 32 Henry Fayol and Frederick Winslow Taylor's Contribution to Management Thought: An Overview Md. Hasebur Rahman Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh ABSTRACT Henry Fayol and Frederick Winslow Taylor made outstanding contribution to development of management

Frederick Taylor's Scientific Management reflects an approach to managing that is no longer appropriate for today’s managers. Critically evaluate this statement, with particular reference to an...

4279 words - 17 pages control-based management philosophy" based on "compliance/obedience over commitment, written rules over informal norms, and authority over participation".During Taylor's time this typology have worked due to the limited factory system design and dealing with people as only one culture.CONCLUSIONThe decades after World War II brought radical changes to all aspects of human society. Taylorism, which served its purpose well in the first phase of

Bureaucracy theory of Weber

1308 words - 5 pages . Scientific management considered the worker in isolation which is the same as the component in machine. They can seldom be affected by the external world, such as the management policies and procedures, cooperation and culture of the work group, or their own feelings. It neglected the importance of other social needs from work, such as the achievement, respect and self-confidence.Nowadays Taylor's scientific management approach can still be found in many

Description of how managment has developed

996 words - 4 pages selection and training of workers as well as supervisors which were to watch over these workers. Taylor's main goal, as is the goal among all managers is to maximize the productivity of people at work. Administrative principles is another classic form of a classic approach to management, Henri Fayol, his goal was to more focused on management than lower level workers, Fayol believed management could be taught, his focus was based on the

Biography of Frederick Winslow Taylor

1932 words - 8 pages , however. Many ideas for human resource management were generated by Scientific Management.” These same ideas were suggested later by the Human Relations, Human Resources and Contingency School of management thought (Sturges, 1999).(Sturges, David L. (1999), Organizational Communication, The Organization as a System)The principal object of Management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with the maximum

dEMAND fORCAST

2321 words - 9 pages . This implies effective communication: an enterprise environment (as opposed to a physical or mechanical mechanism), implies human motivation and implies some sort of successful progress or system outcome. As such, management is not the manipulation of a mechanism (machine or automated program), not the herding of animals, and can occur in both a legal as well as illegal enterprise or environment.Management does not need to be seen from enterprise

Similar Essays

What Was Frederick Taylor's Most Significant Contribution To Management?

1184 words - 5 pages Frederick Winslow Taylor, the acknowledged 'Father' of scientific management was a pre classical contributor. Taylor was the founder of a system that stated the relationship of workers and managers to the realm of new science/technology. Scientific management is the approach emphasing production efficiencies by scientifically searching for the 'one best way' to do each job. Taylor pioneered his signature time and motion studies of work processes

Einstein's Dreams Essay

658 words - 3 pages History 202-06 9 February 2001 Two People With A Common Obsession After reading Einstein's Dreams by Alan Lightman and Fredrick W. Taylor and the Rise of Scientific Management by Daniel Nelson, Albert Einstein and Fredrick Taylor's differences become very distinct. Had the two men known each other, they probably would not have liked each other. Taylor would probably resent Einstein, but what would Einstein think about Taylor? The two men

Principles Of Frederick W. Taylor Essay

1283 words - 5 pages systems of manufacturing and management would not be the examples of efficiency that they are today, without his work. Frederick Taylor was instrumental in bringing industry out of the dark ages by beginning to revolutionize the way work was approached. Taylor was able to increase wages, productivity and reduce per piece costs at the same time. His work was eventually adopted in a wide array of applications. Taylor's ideas had a significant

Scientific Management Is Sadly Underestimated As An Approach In Modern Organisational Life. Provide A Detailed Justification Of Your Agreement Or Disagreement Of This Statement. (I Disagree With It)

1899 words - 8 pages , 2001).Taylor's basic principles have simply been improved upon over the years, and 'still serve as a solid foundation for today's management, especially in operations management, work design, and reengineering' (Hough; White, 2001). The Toyota system is a good example of the success of repetitive manufacturing systems, in that it is 'dependent on standardized processes and precise measurement of task times' (Hough; White, 2001).In an interview with