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Taylor's Principles Of Management Essay

1601 words - 6 pages

In this 21st century, management has been observed as both art and science (Reh, 2010). It is an art as it helps people to be more innovative, creative, and effective on doing their job, compare with the previous time when people would have been doing their job without applying the knowledge of management. Likewise, management can be considered as a science in how managers will be able to manage people and help them to involve further and to be more effective. The term of manager here refers to the person who responsible for planning and directing the work of a group of individuals, monitoring their work, and taking corrective action when it necessary (Robbins, Bergman, Stagg & Coulter, 2008). Taylor‘s four principles has been used in many managerial from the past decades and it is proven that Taylor’s principles has given progress in the managerial work, business, and education (Wren, 1994). However, Taylor’s principles which have been used in the past decade are being questioned if rather it is still practicable and suitable in this era or not (Carrol & Gillen, 1987, P. 38). While the purpose of this essay is to see if the Taylor’s four principles are still being applied in this 21st century and it can be successfully used even in a non-profit motivated company or organization such as government service. Interview and research have been done and it clarifies that Taylor’s principle are still being used in this particular era even though it is a non-profit organization such as government.
Mr. U has been working in Ministry of Foreign Affair Republic of Indonesia which is a non-profit organization government service. He is the head of section in Consulate General of Indonesian Republic in xxx. He is categorized as a middle-level manager and specialized in motivating and training workers for public service.
The first principle of Taylor indicates that it develops a science for each element of an individual’s work, which will replaces the old rule-of-thumb method (Robbins, et al., 2008). It connotes that worker only have a broad knowledge application that is not strictly accurate or reliable relative to the organization’s requirement, will be given a clear understanding and description of their work requirements and the work will be planned out by management at least one day in advance (Freeman, 1996, P. 35). Mr. U suggested that work review should be done every month by General Manager and director, while counseling and coaching by manager should be done any time when it is necessary. In order to give a clear understanding, counseling, and coaching of the job to workers, a middle level manager such as Mr. U has to be able to work beneficially together and understand other workers which will ensure the achievement of organization’s goal. From the acknowledgment, it shows that Taylor’s first principle is applicable and useful in this organization. The importance of understanding other workers can be seen from the questionnaire where Mr. U...

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