Taylor’s Scientific Management Theory Influences on Contemporary Management
The Scientific Management Theory (SMT) was born, in 1911, with the publication of a book titled "Principle of Scientific Management" by Frederick Winslow Taylor. The foundation of this Theory is based on using proven facts instead of opinions; gut feelings or tradition to lay out effective managerial decisions (Taylor, 1911). At the time, this was a revolution in itself proposing a new scheme of toughs surrounding management.
The Scientific Management Theory 101
The conclusions from Taylor's experiments and observations at Midvale Steel are extensive, but historically summarized in 4 core Principles that defines Taylor's management theory (adapted from Bagad, 2009):
1- Standardisation of work process: Scientifically evaluate every worker's task to identify one best way to do it.
2- Recruiting a first class workforce: Scientifically select and train workers using proven methods.
3- Mutual Collaboration: Management provides all the tools to employees so they can use proper work methods, such as standard procedures, proper training, proper tools or bonus and incentives to create a harmonious and communicative workplace.
4- Dividing work between management and employees. Management is in charge of planning; training and managing task and employees are in charge of applying the standardized procedures.
The Scientific Management Theory Main Theorists
Frederick Taylor is a major contributor to the development of SMT, and the Theory is usually looked at using his work. However, we should point out that Frank and Lilian Gilbreth (motion studies), Henry Gannt (incentive planning and wage bonus) and Luther Gullick III (application of SMT to public administration) have all contributed to the scientific management movement (George & Jones, 2007).
The Scientific Management Theory in Modern Management
As we can see, SMT is a precursor to contemporary management sciences as many of its observation are still valid up to this day. In fact, scientific decision making, management-labor cooperation, standardized processes, management training, scientific...