This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Taylorism And Mc Donaldization Essay

1619 words - 6 pages

Scientific management or "Taylorism" is an approach to job design, developed by Frederick Taylor (1856-1915) during the Second World War. With the industrial revolution came a fast growing pool of people, seeking jobs, that required a new approach of management. Scientific management was the first management theory, applied internationally. It believes in the rational use of resources for utmost output, hence motivating workers to earn more money. Taylor believed that the incompetence of managers was the major obstacle on the way of productivity increase of human labour. Consequently, this idea led to the need of change of management principles. On the base of research, involving analysing controlled experiments under various working conditions, Taylor discovered basic principles that would influence workers' productivity. His ideas were further developed in post- Tayloristic movements like Fordism. Today, Taylorism is mostly applied in the rapidly growing service sector, especially in fast food and call centres. Taylorism and Scientific management are the precursors for McDonaldization, which are processes of the fast food industry that have become the major organizing principle for other aspects of societies. Its main dimensions are efficiency, calculability, predictability and control.The aim of Scientific management is to increase the productivity of human labour. Taylor believed that a science had to be developed for each element of a man's work, replacing the rule-of -thumb method. Managers would have to select, train and develop workmen, where as in the past, they had to train themselves. Taylor developed a number of principles by analysing controlled experiments under various work conditions. He considered the time and motion to carry out a specific task, the choice of tool and the payment for workers. Taylor would identify the fastest worker in the organization and he would examine his movements on the job, which helped Taylor eliminate useless and time-consuming motions. The first of Taylor's principles was that work had to be devided into its smallest parts. Each worker had to accomplish a specific task and nothing extra. For instance, if the machine the worker was using broke, even if he had the skills and knowledge to fix it, he had to step back, as that was the job of the maintenance team. The second principle of Scientific management was the separation of intellectual work and manual work. All the planning before Taylorism was done by the workman through his personal experience (direct labour), but in Scientific management, planning was done entirely by Scientific managers and the execution- by workers (indirect labour). The divorce of direct and indirect labour was Taylor's third principle. The forth principle involved deskilling workers and maximum reduction for time spent training the worker. The fifth principle stated that management had to make sure machines were distributed in a way, which helped minimize useless, time...

Find Another Essay On Taylorism and McDonaldization

Frederik Taylor and Scientific Management Essay

2012 words - 8 pages also known as Taylorism. According to Taylor (1911), Taylorism is about using the most efficient way to produce the maximum amount of production. Taylor proposed the idea of simplifying tasks and optimizing jobs would increase the productivity. Jobs were defined and workers would be assigned to task according to their capability and ability to produce maximum effort at that specific task. Worker’s performance would be monitored to ensure that

The Need for An Adequate Evaluation of Organization Behavior

1610 words - 6 pages generally Taylorism, Fordism and Post-Fordism and then proceeding with analysis of different examples. These examples would relate to the above mentioned organizational behaviour theories and the relationships between them. As a result of the analysis a summary is to be drawn focusing on the value of applying an analytical method to understanding organizational behaviour. What makes this topic particularly interesting is that it relates an

Frederick Taylor and Management

2543 words - 10 pages out efficiently. There will not be a manager constantly giving orders and supervising. The stress that is put on workers nowadays to be responsible and make their own decisions may result in a move back towards traditional Taylorism (Friedman, et al., 2011) as workers feel under pressure to perform. Nowadays money is recognised as not being the sole motivation for working. This is an over simplistic view of human motivation (Locke, 1982). Yet

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Similar Essays

The Mc Donaldization Of Society By George Ritzer

996 words - 4 pages is seen to benefit quality and efficiency. Taylorism still exists in some forms in today's society, it continues to work, although to some degree is has been reshaped and redesigned. McDonalds fast-food franchises encompass some of what Taylor theorised, a sociologist from New York, George Ritzer developed a theory by the name of 'McDonaldization' which connected the processes McDonalds to that of scientific management, both Taylorism and

Compare And Contrast The Human Relations School Of Thought With Taylorism

2172 words - 9 pages organizations with those offered in-house, thus permitting well-informed outsourcing decisions .Another form in which Taylorism is present in the modern world is described in Ritzer's McDonaldization thesis (1993), which is based on Braverman's deskilling theory (1974). Braverman argues that the application of Tayloristic principles such as the separation of management from work and the fragmentation of labour results in the erosion of workers

Critcal Thinking On Frederick Winslow Taylor's "Scientific Management"

1746 words - 7 pages into the smallest elements or motions based on 'time and motion studies' he conducted, separated intellectual and manual work, searched for the 'first class' employee, who will then be trained and specialised on specific task, provided them with good tools and paid high incentives for their good performance. These set of strategies he referred as "Scientific Management", which in other terms known as "Taylorism". In order to implement his ideas

Taylorism And Work Place Efficiency Essay

2065 words - 8 pages down the decision-making of the organisation. McDonaldization McDonaldization is a process that’s ‘coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as the rest of the world’ (Ritzer, 2011, pg.1). Like Taylorism, McDonaldization aims for fast and efficient products produced throughout their stores. ‘A lot of something, or the quick delivery of it, must mean it’s good’ (Ritzer, 2011, pg. 14). Employees of the large fast food