This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Tb Diagnosis And Treatment Essay

1207 words - 5 pages

TB diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis
TB is a very dangerous and serious disease. There are about millions of new cases of TB diagnosed each year around the world. Also, there are almost 3 million people who have TB but have not been diagnosed. It is really important for people to monitor their health and be aware of TB infection. If you have symptoms such as unexplained weight loss, night sweat, fever, fatigue, chest pain and coughing for weeks or even coughing up blood, you should suspect your have the TB and go see the doctor.
Usually not all of the people who have TB bacteria in their bodies will be sick. There are two types of TB infection: latent TB infection and active TB infection. It is hard to diagnosis latent TB infection because there are no symptoms. On the other hand, active TB infection is much easier to diagnosis than the latent TB infection. However, sometimes misdiagnosis can occur because the symptoms of active TB infection are very similar to the symptoms of upper respiratory infection, bronchitis, cold and pneumonia.
A TB skin test, also known as a PPD test, and a TB blood test are the two most commonly used ways to test for TB. For the TB skin test, the doctor will inject a small amount of liquid called tuberculin, a protein extract from cultures of TB bacteria, into the skin of your arm. The patients usually need to wait 48 to 72 hours for the test result. If you have a localized swelling at your injection area, it means you probably have the TB disease. However, the test result can be wrong. A negative test result could be a false negative, which means the individual could have TB; this occurs in 5% to 10% of patients, especially in patients who have HIV, children and elderly people. On the other hand, the test result could be false positive which means the individual doesn’t have the TB infection. This may occur to an individual who recently vaccinated with the bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine. Also, the false positive test result may be caused by a laboratory error.
We can also use blood test to measure the patients’ immune system’s reaction to the TB bacteria. This will help us to confirm or invalidate the TB infection. If the result of the TB skin test is positive, the doctor will order a chest X-ray, which can detect all the abnormal areas. In addition, if your chest X-ray suggests you have a TB infection, the doctor will collect some amount of your mucus, also called sputum, and do the sputum culture. This is called a sputum test. If the patient has fugui and it leads to the growth of the infection in this culture, the culture is positive. If the culture is positive, doctors will also do a sensitivity test, which basically finds the best antibiotic to treat this infection. Then, doctors can determine what kind of medication will be the most effective for the patient.
However, it is difficult to diagnosis HIV associated and drug resistant TB. The 125-year-old sputum test has many disadvantages including the “low...

Find Another Essay On TB diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis and Treatment of Schizophrenia Essay

1509 words - 7 pages also it is possible to reduce the chances of severe relapse by recognising the symptoms, taking the medication and talking about the condition to others. On this assignment will evaluate the diagnosis and treatment for schizophrenia. Also discuss the symptoms in a positive and negative way along with the process of diagnosis. Moreover will state the diagnostic principles and impact access. Finally resolve the discussion of treatment and evaluate

Anxiety Disorders – Diagnosis and Treatment

1096 words - 4 pages Anxiety Disorders PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 6 Alfred Del ValleAnxiety Disorders - Diagnosis and TreatmentAxia College of University of PhoenixHave you ever feel extremely worry, tense, chest pain, and/or anxious? Maybe those are the symptoms of anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders vary from "feelings of uneasiness to immobilizing periods of terror" (SAMSHA'S Health, 2008). Most of us has felt fear or been afraid from time to time and the cause of

Dermatophyte fungi: Infections, Diagnosis and Treatment

967 words - 4 pages manifestations of dermatophytosis are present but results of direct microscopy and culture are negative or even treatment did not responded to ring worm (2, 8). Advanced molecular tools Advanced molecular diagnostics provide successful approaches for rapid diagnosis of pathogenic dermatophytes with high accuracy, sensitivity and specificity (3, 17, 62, 69). In molecular diagnostic methods, DNA molecules extracted from clinical samples are

Diagnosis and Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorders

1295 words - 5 pages The diagnostic process for personality disorders currently covers a broad scope of various tests and symptoms, causing a source of frustration for psychiatrists (Aldhous). The symptoms and side effects of several personality disorders can tend to blur together, making diagnosis challenging (Aldhous). Most psychiatric patients are diagnosed with several personality disorders at once, with twenty percent of people with personality disorders simply

Diagnosis and Treatment Planning in Counseling

1229 words - 5 pages Diagnosis and Treatment Planning in Counseling Who published the DSM-VI? American Psychiatric Association. What is recorded on Axis III? General medical conditions Anorexia Nervosa -refusal to maintain body weight, body weight less than 85% of the expected weight -intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight -disturbance in the way in which one’s body weight or shape is experienced -in postmenarcheal

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

1627 words - 7 pages The mental health disorder I have chosen for analysis is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). First, I will discuss symptoms and diagnostic criteria that is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Then I will cover treatment OCD as it relates to the strengths perspective and the medical model of mental health. Finally, I will discuss the ethical responsibilities that Social Workers have towards clients in the

Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Insomnia

2436 words - 10 pages Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Insomnia Insomnia means having trouble with the quality or quantity of sleep. It can be caused by difficulties in either falling asleep or staying asleep. Self-reported sleeping problems, hating the sleep quality and day time tiredness are the only defining characteristics of insomnia because it is such an individual experience. The concept of good sleep is different from person to person. While

Diagnosis and Treatment of Individuals with Mental Retardation

1948 words - 8 pages concerns about the RSMB scale that would suggest somewhat cautious use, explained Prout (1993). He suggested that the nature of the scale would probably lead some practitioners to use the scale more extensively in diagnosis and treatment monitoring, that is, beyond its intended use as a screening instrument. In addition, the presentation in the manual is somewhat confusing and not well organised. Furthermore, there are several samples, but not a

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Development, Diagnosis, Comorbidity and Treatment

1739 words - 7 pages of comorbidity in GAD complicate the diagnostic process. As more research is conducted and the understanding of the importance of this disorder continues to advance, it will be increasingly important for diagnosis and treatment methods to advance with them. Psychologists, psychiatrists and research scientists from other fields play an especially important role in this, but public awareness and ability to identify danger signs and symptoms, as

Urinary Tract Infection: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Treatment

2151 words - 9 pages results were unremarkable; urine culture detects E.coli to be the infecting organism. He is aware that he should return to the office in 3 month for a routine visit, which will include another urine culture to ensure that the infection has been completely eradicated. Summary Mr. Lane’s case was used to illustrate the manifestation of Urinary tract infection while encompassing the disease’s epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

1278 words - 5 pages The Diagnosis and Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder There are many factors to consider in the evaluation and treatment of Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This paper will discuss the strategies that have proven most effective in treating the disorder, including: drug therapy, cognitive therapy, and family-based therapy. It will focus on the benefits of flexibility, emphasizing combination therapy, especially with cognitive

Similar Essays

Depression: Diagnosis And Treatment Essay

1033 words - 4 pages depression, if there is any alcohol or drugs use, and if there are any thoughts of death or suicide (National Institute of Mental Health, 2008).Once a diagnosis has been made, treatment can come in many techniques. The National institute of Mental Health (2008) stated, "The most common treatments are medication and psychotherapy" (para. 9). The first of medication are antidepressants. Antidepressants can be in the form of selective serotonin reuptake

Diagnosis And Treatment Essay

1104 words - 4 pages young adolescence, yet there are still a large number of people who are unaware of the symptoms, and the disorder goes unrecognized. Early diagnosis and treatment of OCD is the best way to prevent problems which can infringe on everyday life.Since so many people suffer from OCD, one would think that there would be an explanation as to what causes it. However, there is no proven cause for OCD. Before the development of many modern medications, many

Diagnosis And Treatment Essay

1091 words - 4 pages Diagnosis and Treatment PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Diagnosis and TreatmentJeff WeigelFebruary 6, 2009Have you ever felt extremely worried, tense, chest pain, and/or anxious? Maybe those are the symptoms of anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders vary from "feelings of uneasiness to immobilizing periods of terror" (SAMSHA'S Health, 2008). Most of us have felt fear or been afraid from time to time and the cause of these fears can be identified and they

Adhd Diagnosis And Treatment Essay

1773 words - 7 pages schedule your meals or snacks no more than 3 hours apart. One important change is to ensure that the child gets adequate sleep. Last but not least you could implement talk therapy into your treatment regimen. When changing the diet of my seven year old cousin my aunt decided not to let him consume anything with sugar in it. He was diagnosed with ADD and ADHD but after the change in the food you have no way to tell that he suffers from it. But even