This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Teacher, Student And Methodology As Seen By Classical Traditional, Liberal Progressive And Critical Philosophies Of Education

1727 words - 7 pages

American educational system has been a battleground for several opposing educational philosophies. Although this battle spans over centuries and involves other western cultures, it has been especially prominent in the United States for the last hundred years. The new ideas on the psychology of learning that emerged in the last decade of the 20th century allowed for creation of new pedagogies and further deepened the conflict. Some of the competing pedagogies are: conservative/classical traditional, liberal progressive, critical, feminist, multiculturalism/centricity and whiteness study. Each theory/philosophy has set values and ideas that it uses to further understand and prescribe ...view middle of the document...

Starting with kindergarten, a teacher is an unchallenged drillmaster, who uses didactic approach, to teach his students that “without pain there is no gain”. Unlike classical philosophy, liberal/progressive theory believes that a teacher is more of a friend to students as opposed to an authority figure. Liberal philosophers consider a teacher to be a major motivator that provides students with meaningful concepts which allow each student to grow individually, as opposed to only as a member of a society. According to John Dewey, a teacher is supposed to exhibit and model proper behavior, just as suggested by classical philosophers, but in his opinion this process should be democratic. Instead of drilling and disciplining his students, a teacher is supposed to allow them to discipline themselves, to learn from their experience. This often requires a teacher to sit back and observe his students to be able to understand the way they interact with each other, as well as if they behave in a democratic manner with their surroundings. As opposed to classical traditional philosophy that does not pay particular attention to education being enjoyable, but more of a necessity for the betterment of a society, liberal philosophers stand behind the idea that learning should be pleasurable and build upon one’s experience. Critical theory, however, approaches the idea of a teacher from it’s own perspective. According to Paulo Freire, a teacher is supposed to pose problems for students to solve, as opposed to simply depose knowledge in their heads. This philosophy represents teachers as educators and philosophers that should always critically engage in political aspects of dominant culture and forces of a society. The teacher is supposed to identify with his students and not the elite of the society they live in. Not a disciplinary figure, but more of a legitimator of student culture and experience, a teacher is meant to set an example of critical consciousness by being himself a student amongst students. He is supposed to promote individual freedom of mind and teach students to become more human, by doing it so himself and always be on the side of the oppressed, his students.
A student, or a learner, as referred to by some theories, is approached differently by each philosophy. Classical theorists, believe that a student is “tabula rasa”, meaning that they come with no prior knowledge of anything, like a black board ready to be filled out. He/she is meant to unquestionably receive knowledge from his teacher in an obedient and disciplined manner, by passively listening all the information passed along. Classical philosophers believe that each student has different pre dispositions for learning depending on their parents, home and general environment. Innately, not all students are equal in their capacity to learn, so it is assumed that some will be winners and some will naturally be losers. This is also promoted by instilling the idea of competition in...

Find Another Essay On Teacher, student and methodology as seen by classical traditional, liberal progressive and critical philosophies of education

Student and Teacher Plagiarism Essay

676 words - 3 pages . “The number of reports of teacher cheating has increased from 69 three years ago to 263 in the past year, she said.” (Beckett, 2011) This trend is as important a data point as student plagiarism is. “Further, an overwhelming majority — 89 percent — say computers and the Internet have played a major role in the rise in stealing others work and claiming it as their own.” (Webley, 2011) This appears to be a valid correlation; however, technology

Teacher and Student Rights Essay

781 words - 4 pages Teacher and Student rights have been evolving ever since the 60’s and 70’s. Prior to this, teachers substituted as the students’ parents while they at school, “en loco parentis”. Now, teachers have been restricted from laying a single hand on students or even saying anything that may offend them. In addition to strict regulations for teachers, they also implemented more limitations on students. Although I don’t think that teachers or

Teacher Expectations and Education

2379 words - 10 pages Teacher Expectations and Education One thing I’ve learned this year is that teachers must always strive to adapt to the wide range of individual student abilities, learning styles, and interests even within a single class, but still maintain reasonable expectations, especially if tracking is present in the school. Through my observations, it seems that teacher expectations for students became increasingly lower with each "track

The Liberal Arts and the End of Education

3038 words - 12 pages . Mark Van Doren reminded us that "the past is a burden which crushes only those who ignore it." In the interest of a circumspective understanding of the past of liberal education, I would like to take this opportunity to remember together the traditional liberal arts curriculum and the philosophy behind it. Some variation of this curriculum prevailed in universities throughout the classical period, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Its

The Value of a Liberal Arts and Sciences Education

1144 words - 5 pages Liberal Arts and Sciences education once started in the ancient Greek as the well-known artes liberales. There were seven of them, separated in the trivium and the quadrivium. The trivium contained the core liberal arts, namely grammar, logic and rhetoric. When the Church defined the education, they extended the trivium with the quadrivium subjects arithmetic, geometry, music and astronomy. The Greek believed that every young man, if they could

The themes of class and class consciousness as seen in the book Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austin

939 words - 4 pages The themes of class and class consciousness, as seen in Pride and Prejudice, strictly regulate the daily lives of middle and upper class men and women at this period in England. In her novel, Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen portrays class-consciousness mainly through the relationship between Darcy and Elizabeth as it was from when they first met until the time when Elizabeth visits Pemberley . Austin also shows class-consciousness through many

Teacher Professional Development and Student Achievement Gains

1467 words - 6 pages so that the understanding is a priority. This is more important in elementary education where learners require instruction aids such as photographs as a way of enhancing leaning and student achievement (Ross & Bruce, 2007). The content and activities, which constitute teacher professional development, also include determination of the ability of the teacher on the student comprehension or understanding during learning. For successful achievement

The Relationship Between Student and Teacher

717 words - 3 pages asymmetric contribution supported by the traditional style of teaching respect flows only in one direction. By delimiting the subject and allowing for the equal opportunity for exchange, respect becomes omnidirectional. The impact is a more behaviorally favorable classroom, and a passion for subject matter, as students can pursue their own goals in their education. Works Cited Baker, Jean A. "Teacher-Student Interaction in Urban at-risk

Student and Teacher Relationships Go Bad

1062 words - 5 pages attentiveness and learning in the classroom and it makes school more enjoyable and bearable for both teacher and teachers. All teachers have different methods as to how they create these healthy relationships with their students, and each are effective in their own way, and they must be, children spend around 5 to 7 hours a day, 5 days a week, for about 10 months (California State University). One of the most famous stories of positive student teacher

Student Teacher Recorded Class and Summary

1092 words - 5 pages When doing my video assignment, I did it in a ninth through twelfth grade high school social studies classroom where I substitute teach, and I had the classroom teacher video tape me with a video camera from the school. I had the student desks set up in a half circle, so I could walk around to do frequent student checks. I left a gap in the back, and had three students sit on each side of the video camera, so everything would be captured on

Is Frances "The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens," more democratic, or liberal? In the classical sense

528 words - 2 pages their rights. Civil distinctions, therefore, can be founded only on public utility.” Other articles also reflect on natural rights, such as equality and freedom of speech. (Ball & Dagger, 2002) The declaration can be interpreted as having a strong Liberal point of view because it focuses on the natural freedom of the individual, as opposed to being ruled by the absolute power of the monarchy.Democracy is the elected representation of people

Similar Essays

Progressive To Traditional Education Models Essay

2946 words - 12 pages to traditional education, hackschooling is specifically catered to the student’s interests. An important part of progressive education is active learning; the term refers to the active role that students play in their curriculum (Wiles, n.d.). This empowers students, and helps them become actively responsible for their own education. Hackschooling is a concept introduced by a young boy whose learning experience takes the form of hackschooling. To

Student Teacher Relationships In Teacher Program Education S

3098 words - 13 pages ), 592–608. Tillema, H.H. (2009). Assessment for Learning to Teach Appraisal of Practice Teaching Lessons by Mentors, Supervisors, and Student Teachers. Journal of Teacher Education, 60 (2), 155-167. Urzúa, A. & Vásquez, C. (2008). Reflection and professional identity in teachers’ future-oriented discourse. Teaching and Teacher Education, 24, p. 1935– 1946. Van Dijk, T. A. (1981). Episodes as units of discourse analysis. In D. Tannen (Ed

Critical Review Of A Chapter From 'teaching Children To Learn' By Fisher. Of Use For Any Trainee Teacher Doi8ng A Education Studies Module

1866 words - 7 pages ): Holists get a quick grasp of information then fill in the detail. Where as serialists build up a picture bit by bit.Field-dependent/ field-independent (Witkin et al., 1977): Field dependent learners use general context or their experience to solve problems and Field-independent learners analyse a stimulus, identify an manipulate a problems components.Scanners/Focusers (Bruner et al., 1956): Scanners make an initial hypothesis and see if everything

Teacher And Student Relationship Essay

1829 words - 7 pages be cared for by an adult who happened to be their teacher; they deserve to see adult role models with integrity and a joy for living. They deserve to have opportunities of nurturing relationship. They desperately need effective teachers as role models and someone who offer hope for success. I myself was among those students who benefited from teachers who cared to listen to me when I was helpless of finding a solution to my problems. I was