The value of observation is to give you an insight into a child’s world. By doing this you are able to observe the children and see how they interact with other children and communicate. Also by observation we are able to understand children’s point of view better and are able to enhance their learning. Observation, assessment and evaluation in planning for children’s learning within early childhood setting come hand in hand.
While observing we are able to see the child’s development and are also able to identify the interest in different learning areas. During the observation, the time and date should be recorded along with a little bit of information about the setting and where the observation took place. If we have an accurate and detailed picture of the child’s profile at the beginning of the programme, the teacher’s will be able to enhance positive learning. Using a natural environment for observation is the best method, as opposed to contrived environment , because in a natural environment a child is doing what they normally do [NZTC ] , (2011). The teachers are able to plan better for the child and assess the progress in children’s different learning domains.
When any observations are carried out about a child, all the information must be kept confidential. As suggested by Bruce & Meggitt (2002) certain guidelines should be used to keep the observations confidential for example not using the child’s name , just using their initial and remembering to get permission from the authorised person such as parents /teachers before beginning any observations p.28. It is very important to be ethical when carrying out any methods of observations and keeping it confidential, letting access to only authorised people.
By doing observations, teachers are able to learn what the child’s interests are. Observation is a method in which a teacher does the assessment informally about the child. Each child’s learning style is different, some are visual, some cognitive, physical or even social/emotional.
Also by having regular observations, the teacher herself is able to reflect upon their teaching practices for e.g. during an observation, the teacher is able to realise how she interacts with different children in different environment settings. The concept behind the observation is to see the interests /needs in the learning of the child, so that the teacher can prepare a learning programme accordingly. The main purpose of carrying out an assessment is to see the child’s strengths and capabilities in their learning development
Also working in partnership with parents helps the teachers to learn more about the child and also understand them better. The parents then have the opportunity to exchange information with the teacher and prior knowledge about their children. This helps the teacher enhance their learning accordingly.
Parents can also talk to the teachers about any observations or stories they have about the child. If teachers and parents...