Teaching Students how to read
Learning to read is an on going process. Aesthetic and Efferent reading are the two types of reading a student can do. Aesthetic reading is when people read for their own enjoyment and to make their own visuals and interpretations in their head. Efferent reading is when students read for a specific purpose, for example finding the answer to a test in their textbook. With both types of reading, there are many steps a student has to be made aware of as they are learning. There are five increments of reading before a student becomes fluent. They have to go through the process of pre reading, reading, responding, exploring, and applying. As the reading process is being taught, it is essential to focus on phonics, phonemic awareness, oral language, vocabulary, comprehension, and fluency. Focusing on those things, helps a reader get to the final stage they need to be at.
When students are beginning to read they go through the pre reading stage. That is the stage before a student can read on their own. It is where they start to gain information about a book. It is also when a student can tell why they are going to read. In this stage they begin to look through the book and think of what they think it might be about. Once a student learns to examine the book they move onto actually reading their book.
When they are reading the book, they have different ways to participate. The whole class can have a copy of a book and look at it as the teacher reads. That is called shared reading. Students can be guided as they are reading through this. When they are being guided, they are broken into groups and a teacher walks around to help the children when they may be struggling. Students are allowed to chose a book to read completely on their own. When they read entirely alone that is called independent reading. It may help a child when they are reading to pair up with one other student. If they pair up they can converse about the book and ask each other questions if necessary. The last type of actual reading is when teachers orally read the text to their students. If demonstrated properly, this will give the student a better understanding of punctuation and emotion to move them to the next step of reading. Students have to give feedback on what they have read to show that they have an understanding. When they are giving feedback they are responding. Students can write how they feel in a journal based on a question the teacher gives them. They can also tell the class their feelings on the book they read. Children need to think about the book they have read. They need to think about the way the author wrote the book and the new words they have learned in it. This is called exploring. After the students take time thinking about the text they need to do an activity. This final stage is called applying.
Teachers need to go over important information as the students are learning the stages of reading....