This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The History Of Computers In Education

1808 words - 8 pages

The history of computers in education starts with the MARK1 and ENIAC computers being used in 1944 and 1946 in Harvard and the University of Pennsylvania respectively. The first use of computers then in education was to compute problems in the mathematical, scientific, and engineering fields to allow students to deal with big problems they would more than likely encounter one day in a real world situation. In 1959, Donald Bitier began the “large-scale” PLATO project, which was a “several thousand-terminal system [that] served undergraduate education, as well as elementary school reading, a community college in Urbana, and several campuses in Chicago.” (Molnar)

In 1963 at Dartmouth, John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz changed the computers to have an overall academic role rather than just a research related role. Kemeny and Kurtz used the then recently introduced concept of time-sharing, which was a type of multi-tasking and processing that allowed more to be done with many students at once than just one at a time. In the same year at Stanford, Patrick Suppes and Richard Atkinson created a program in mathematics and reading with computer-assisted instructions, which gave “rapid feedback” to students and gave students the capability of a more “individualized” learning experience. (Molnar)
At the start of the seventies, Seymour Papert developed a new computer programming language, named LOGO, at Massachusetts Institute of Technology to help elementary school kids learn mathematics better by helping them perform simple tasks. Papert’s intent was “to teach children to be mathematicians” and let them have a more efficient learning experience applying computer problems to real-life situations, which is termed as computer fluency. (Molnar) Fellow computer technology student Edward Vidal says, “There are many educational games and programs that kids can use to learn, such as Mario Teaches Typing and FCAT explorer,” whereas the former teaches kids how to type on the computer without looking at the keys and the latter assists in teaching a variety of subjects rather than just math to elementary to high school students.

Also during the 1970s, researchers began to look for ways to incorporate artificial intelligence (AI) into schools to improve student education, which could “dramatically improve learning and problem solving.” Artificial Intelligence is usually defined as technology, such as computers, being able to solve problems as if it had a human brain. Artificial intelligence in technology would have “knowledge, perception, reasoning, learning, understanding and similar cognitive abilities” just like a person would. (Saloky) The ideal usage of artificial intelligence would be to assist students in solving easy to complex problems, create virtual models, and tutor students in one or more particular subjects. Three such AIs eventually created for educational use include: Intelligent Computer Assisted Instruction (ICAI), which was developed for the three...

Find Another Essay On The History of Computers in Education

The History of Computers Essay

2517 words - 10 pages The History of Computers 2When you see a new invention, that touches every aspect of our daily lives, you have witnessed a once in a lifetime event. The grandest of these phenomena in the 21st Century has been the evolution of the computer. This evolution has changed the way we work, live and play. This machine now exists in nearly every business in the United States and in one out of every two households. (Hall, 156). This incredible invention

The History of Computers Essay

772 words - 3 pages 
I will present a brief history of the computer since it is prominent in society. 

The twentieth century was a time of invention and innovation. More specifically, there were major advances in computer technology as electricity developed. The invention of the computer originated from the reliance on electrical based machines that stemmed from a dependence upon mechanical devices. The stepping stones for computers originated in the early 1900’s

The History of Computers

546 words - 2 pages . The technology of computers changes so rapidly, that many do not know how the computer became what it is today. You'll need to know the prehistory of the computer, it's early developments, and the modern day computer.First comes the prehistory of the computer. The Abacus which is thought to be the earliest form of a computer, dates back to over 5,000 years ago. Believed to be created in what today is Iraq, it was, and still is today, used to

The Recent History of Computers

1075 words - 4 pages Every day, people use computers. Whether they are used to communicate, through social media, email, or texting, used in a business to handle finances, records, or if the company actually produces software or hardware for computers, or in many other places in our day-to-day lives. Yet, despite our constant interaction with them, many people know very little about the history of these machines. How were the first computers created and improved

The History and Future of Computers

976 words - 4 pages The History and Future of ComputersWith the advances in computer technology it is now possible for more and more Canadians to have personal computers in their homes. With breakthroughs in computer processing speeds and with computer storage capacity, the combination of this with the reduced size of the computer have allowed for even the smallest apartment to hold a computer. In the past the only places to have computers were military institutes

The History And Development Of Computers

2250 words - 9 pages In this world, there is one machine that can solve any problem, perform any task, and improve every minute. This glorious machine is the computer. Throughout the history of the world, computers have evolved greatly; from primitive pieces of wood and beads which could only do simple math (Jones, 6), to 30-ton machines that would fill up entire rooms (Jones, 14), and then to beholding the entire world at your fingertips. Today, the computer is an

The History of Chemistry: Apple Computers

994 words - 4 pages . Until the nineties, the company produced some of the best looking and great technology computers and smartphones that could be found on the market. Apple became everything the people wanted. After the release of the new computers, in 2007 on June 29th, apple released the new iPhone which included a touch screen and internet access. This became a nation’s outbreak and sent the Apple charts over the top. At this very time Apple became the most bought

The History of Computers (1946-1992)

1399 words - 6 pages . The Whirlwind computer was ultimately used by the U.S. Air Force for use in the SAGE (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment) air defense system, which eventually began operations in 1958 with more advanced display capabilities. The last of the Whirlwind-based SAGE computers was shut down in 1983, giving the Whirlwind a record for practical operational endurance among digital computers.In 1951, the first computer built for business use was invented

The History of Women in Education

1223 words - 5 pages The right for women to be educated has been long sought after. The history of women education started the beginning of feminism. Education, over the last two hundred years, has changed women lives in America according to Barbara M. Solomon. In the early years of American history women were discouraged from getting a higher education it would be considered unnatural for women to be educated, and women were only taught domestic skills such as

History of Education Legislation in the UK

1170 words - 5 pages class pupils. In addition, there was supposed to be a parity of esteem between the 3 schools. However, Grammar schools were deemed much better. Further to this, working class children who secured a place at a grammar school by passing the 11+ exam couldn’t even go anyway, as the price of various uniform and sports attire was too much. In response to this, in 1965, Comprehensive education was introduced. This system scrapped the 11+ exam as it saw

History of Computers

1831 words - 7 pages based on a unit called the Von Neumann computer designed in 1952. As stated in the book The Dream Machine, the Von Neumann computer consisted of an input, memory, control, arithmetic unit and output as basic processes of a central processing unit. It has become the basic design and fundamental basis for the development of most computers (Palfreman and Swade 48).Works CitedWulforst, Harry. Breakthrough to the Computer Age. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1982.Palferman, Jon and Doron Swade. The Dream Machine. London: BBC Books, 1991.Campbell-Kelly, Martin and William Aspray. Computer, A History of the Information Machine. New York: BasicBooks, 1996.

Similar Essays

The Use Of Computers In Education

1899 words - 8 pages teaching will help make it so that ?no student will ever have to enter a class with a lack of basic knowledge? (Bennett 47). Using computers as teaching ?tutors? will aid and simplify learning in classes. Computers can also help slower students as well, according to Bennett: ?Computerized education will bring an improvement . . . for millions of individuals: better education for slower students who suffer the worst deprivations under the present

The Use Of Computers In Education

1029 words - 5 pages Computers are woven into every aspect of our lives. From the computers we use in our cars, to the microwaves oven in our homes where we teach younger children how to heat up a hot dog. When it comes to the education of our children in today’s world, we tend to question the use of computers and how everything revolves around them. As parents and teachers, we all understand that computers are utilized in many situations for education. But we

Computers In School: Do They Really Help Education?

861 words - 4 pages the most out of education. Before the introduction of computers in schools, teachers would use information from textbooks and write lessons on chalkboards. Students would search through books and encyclopedias to complete assignments and write reports by hand. Computers first appeared in classrooms in 1995 and have been used ever since. After computers in classrooms were presented, teachers were able to visually teach a broader range of topics

The History Of Computers Essay

1215 words - 5 pages Computers This essay will explore the history of computers, show its importance and analyse theories of future computers and their use. Computers definition A computer defines as a device that accepts information and manipulates it for results based on instructions. The instructions are saved in the device as so called "Programs" and creating instructions is therefore called "Programming". There are usually two kinds of computers. Either