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Techniques And Technologies Of The Recording Studio

1918 words - 8 pages

"A person new to the recording studio environment might be awestruck by the amount and variety of equipment involved" (Huber 1). Electric technology began to evolve in the twenties. Visionaries had begun experimenting with all sorts of electrified instruments. By the end of the 1920's, phonographs had switched to electronic sound amplification (Gruhn 6). Eighty years later, we came up with all sorts of things that those early pioneers of the twenties could have ever dreamed. There are many different recording techniques and technologies in today's studio business.To fully understand the different techniques and technologies in the studio business, one would need to know exactly what a studio is. A studio is a room acoustically tuned for the purpose of getting the best sound possible on tape while using a microphone pickup. In other words, the studio needs to be structurally isolated in order to keep outside sounds from entering the room and getting on tape. The studio is also designed to keep internal sounds form leaking out and disturbing the surrounding environment. There are many types of studios. They vary in size, shape, and acoustic design in accordance with the personal tastes of the owners (Huber 1). For example, a studio that records a great deal of rock music might be small in size with highly absorbent walls. On the other hand, a recording studio designed for orchestral film scoring would be much larger by comparison, possibly with high ceilings. Some of the first studios back in the fifties and sixties were relatively large in size. Recording studios have generally decreased in size over the last two decades (Huber 2). This is mainly due to the fact that in the fifties and sixties the musicians had to perform at the same time.Today, technology allows musicians to come in and record their own part; then, later that will be added to the final record. This process is called "overdubbing". Overdubbing is when one puts a part on tape at different times, different studios, or even in a different city. This process happens in a different part of the studio called the control room. The control room serves two purposes in a recording studio. The first is that the room is acoustically optimized to act as a critical listening environment. The second is that it houses the majority of studio equipment. A mixing board is a very common piece of equipment in the control room (Peek 33). The mixing board allows the engineer to mix together and control basically all the devices fond in the studio. A recording console is another piece of equipment one might find in the control room. The console's basic function is the large task of enabling any combinations of inputs, outputs, and effects to be made. In order for one to fully understand the recording process that takes place in a recording studio, they need to be familiar with some terms and pieces of equipment that one would use in a studio.One piece of equipment one may use is a transducer. A...

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