Methods Of Satire Used In "Candide", "Animal Farm", "Hard Times"

1694 words - 7 pages

Satire is defined as a literary work in which human vice or folly is attacked through irony, derision, or wit. Voltaire, George Orwell and Charles Dickens used satire to provide a humorous perspective to the social, political and ideological views of their times. Candide by Voltaire, Animal Farm by George Orwell, and Hard Times by Charles Dickens are very successful in using satire to show the flaws of each era's current views. Voltaire, Orwell, and Dickens use different forms of satire to make their points. Voltaire and Dickens are very extreme with their depiction of satire, while Orwell uses a fable to soften his view. These three authors do a great job of using themes, characters, and style to satirically show the grey areas of their era.In the novel Candide, Voltaire cleverly uses the main components of satire. His method of using satire to critique both political and religious ideologies are extreme however quite successful in portraying flaws. Voltaire pointed out the folly in philosophical religion and optimism in his book Candide. He showed that religion and philosophical optimism are pointless.Candide is the story of a young man's life adventures throughout the world, where he is subjected to evil and disaster. Pangloss, a mentor to Candide, teaches him that all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds. Voltaire did not believe that what happens in the world is always for the best. Voltaire shows us the inhumanities of man through social interaction and war. He over exaggerates the wrongs of medieval people. His thoughts are exaggerated but valid.Voltaire showed many original ideas in his novel. He confronted major philosophical issues by camouflaging them with humour. The attack on the claim that this is "the best of all possible worlds" is exhibited throughout the novel. Throughout the story, satirical references to this theme contrast with natural disaster and human wrong doing. When reunited with the diseased and dying Pangloss, who had contracted syphilis, Candide asks if the Devil is at fault. Pangloss simply responds that the disease was a necessity in this 'the best of all possible worlds', for it was brought to Europe by Columbus' men, who also brought chocolate and cochineal, two greater goods that well offset any negative effects of the disease, Candide experiences numerous disasters through out the novel which leads him to question his belief in optimism. When asked what's optimism by Cacambo, Candide replies, Alas...it is a mania for saying things are well when one is in hell. Candide eventually becomes aware of the hopelessness of Pangloss' philosophy. Voltaire ends the novel with Candide discovering the Turk's truth to life - ...the work keeps us from three great evils, boredom, vice and need. Candide and his acquaintances adapt this new way of life. Even when the entire group has accepted the rustic lifestyle of finding contentment, Pangloss the Optimist attempts to prove how all their prior misfortunes were...

Find Another Essay On Methods of Satire used in "Candide", "Animal Farm", "Hard Times"

Animal Farm as a Political Satire to Criticise Totalitarian Regimes

4637 words - 19 pages Animal Farm as a Political Satire to Criticise Totalitarian Regimes This study aims to determine that George Orwell's Animal Farm is a political satire which was written to criticise totalitarian regimes and particularly Stalin's practices in Russia. In order to provide background information that would reveal causes led Orwell to write Animal Farm, Chapter one is devoted to a brief summary of the progress of author's life and significant

Animal Farm by George Orwell Animal Farm as a Political Satire

720 words - 3 pages Throughout the twentieth century many different governments surfaced. These governments, bent on cutting out their own piece of world power, did whatever it took to keep them above the rest of the world. One example of this is the rise of the Nazi party in Germany during the 1930's. Under Adolf Hitler the Nazis used some of the most immoral tactics to stay a world power. In the political satire Animal Farm, George Orwell focuses on the Nazi

Animal Farm Essay- Fear Is The Most Important Weapon Used By Those In Power - Essay

967 words - 4 pages Animal Farm Prompt: Fear is the most important weapon used by those in power. ‘Animal Farm’, a novel by George Orwell, depicts a group of animals who rebel against their master and take over the farm. ‘Animal Farm’ is an allegory for the Russian Revolution and many themes in ‘Animal Farm’ reflect those of the Revolution. In ‘Animal Farm’, fear is an an important weapon used by those in power, however intelligence and language are equally

"Animal Farm" by George Orwell. Napoleon the Dictator. "What methods does Napoleon use in order to gain absolute power and why is he successful?"

1174 words - 5 pages Animal Farm Assignment Essay"What methods does Napoleon use in order to gain absolute power and why is he successful?"In the novel Animal Farm, Napoleon uses cunning, treachery, propaganda and a number of other skills to gain, create and maintain power. His efforts to manipulate with lies and powerful vocabulary - in the form of Squealer - are successful, as they confuse the simple-minded animals. When the animals protest, Squealer's eloquence

Animal Farm by George Orwell. A satire on the Russian Revolution through the eyes of one man and this many animals that portray the many characters of his life and or situation

4287 words - 17 pages they can't distinguish between man and animal.The novel Animal Farm is a satire on the Russian revolution, and therefore full of symbolism. Orwell associates certain real characters with the characters of the book. Here is a list of the characters and things and their meaning:Mr. Jones: Mr. Jones is Orwell's chief (or at least most obvious) villain in Animal Farm. Of course Napoleon is also the major villain, however much more indirectly. Orwell

Satire of Philosophy In Voltaire's Candide

1160 words - 5 pages speculation at the most inopportune times throughout the novel and through the irony of the story's ending. With the combination of these three techniques Voltaire weaves together his ridiculous satire and creates a successful criticism of Enlightenment philosophers, and proves his point that philosophy, while an interesting pastime, does not achieve any meaningful end and serves only to distract people from truly useful pursuits, such as hard

Use of Satire in Voltaire's Candide

1578 words - 6 pages Successful Use of Satire in Voltaire's Candide Voltaire's Candide is the story of how one man's adventures affect his philosophy on life. Candide begins his journey full of optimism that he lives in "the best of all possible worlds," but he learns that it is naïve to say that good will eventually come of any evil.  Voltaire successfully uses satire as a means of conveying his opinions about many aspects of European society in the

Satire in Candide

1112 words - 4 pages , adding to the satire towards the belief of resurrections. Finally, Candide is rejoined with his friend Pangloss, who, although he had been hanged, was still alive for the " noose did not join," allowing him to breathe (121). After the hanging, a surgeon purchased Panglosses body, thinking he was dead, and upon making an incision, realized he was alive. This unpredictable resurrection adds to the hysteria in the novel. Because of the many strange

Satire in Candide by Voltaire

1941 words - 8 pages . Voltaire targets of satire are many and varied. Three topics Voltaire uses satire for are philosophical optimism, religion and greed. I will be focusing my paper on these three ideas. Voltaire was a serious man but felt it was important to entertain others by using humor as long as he thought it was funny. Voltaire's main purpose in writing Candide was to demolish the theory of Optimism, and that is why is used exaggeration. To oppose optimism

Religious Satire in Voltaire's Candide

961 words - 4 pages , Cunegonde's master, is described as a "hot-tempered...Jew...who had a passionate taste for women" (Candide, Chapter 8, pg. 56-57). Later on, Candide, although "having saved many diamonds [from El Dorado]...was so cheated by the Jews that he soon found himself with nothing more than his little farm" (Candide, Chapter 30, pg. 116). Similarly, Voltaire includes an ironic passage in which a faction of one of the sons of Emperor Muley Ismael kills the

Use of Satire to Attack Optimism in Voltaire's Candide

1491 words - 6 pages Use of Satire to Attack Optimism in Voltaire's Candide     In its time, satire was a powerful tool for political assault on Europe's corrupt and deteriorating society. Voltaire's Candide uses satire to vibrantly and sarcastically portray optimism, a philosophical view from the Enlightenment used to bury the horrors of 18th century life: superstition, sexually transmitted diseases, aristocracy, the church, tyrannical rulers, civil and

Similar Essays

Allegory Used In Animal Farm Essay

1096 words - 4 pages public. Furthermore, the manipulation of the sheep in Animal Farm to repeat the slogan ‘four legs good, two legs bad’ and later on ‘four legs good, but two legs better’ and Boxer, the hard working horse who maintained the mantra of ‘I will work harder’ and ‘Napoleon is always right’ was used to spread propaganda and a sense of ease to the farm animals and their historical mirrors, the working class of Russia. Orwell, being a well educated man

Animal Farm Essay Regarding Communist Russian And What Happened In Russia During Hard Times English Essay

671 words - 3 pages Harpreet Singh Period: 5 Animal Farm In the book Animal Farm, it shows how the animals and the farm in the book represent communist Russia. One of the important characters in book is Boxer the horse. Boxer represents the common, working people in communist Russia. Boxer was one the big reasons why the windmill was complete. Although he was a hard worker, courageous, and a great risk taker for the farm bad things had happen because of him. In

Animal Farm Is An Animal Satire

1156 words - 5 pages Animal Farm is an animal satire through which Orwell indirectly criticizes the Russian Communism, Stalinism by using animals to portray the different classes of people. The aim of satire is to criticize the object of attack, teaching a moral indirectly with a humorous tone, in the animal satire, the author uses animals instead of human beings and places his animals in human situations. Thus Orwell is able to attack on the political ideas and

Animal Farm, By George Orwell. The Purpose Of The Paper Is To Describe The Use Of Allegory And Satire Found In Animal Farm

778 words - 3 pages Wine, Swine and Karl MarxNickie Cross 10/9/02During the time when Orwell is writing animal farm, communism is on the rise and becoming a problem in quite a few writers' minds. Many of these writers presented their thoughts on the subject in the form of a satire. In other words mocking something in hope for change. Although Orwell agreed with many of Marx's ideas, he did not agree with how the communist party was carrying out Marxism. In a way of