Technology and Religion/Beliefs
The Ancient Huang He Civilization was a very impressive civilization. They started around 4000 B.C near the Yellow River in Asia; the start of this civilization was the start of many Chinese Empires. They viewed people outside of their civilization as uncivilized barbarians and that people should be loyal to their family before being loyal to anything else. The fathers were head of the family and women obeyed their fathers, sons when they got older and husbands. They also gave us a lot of inventions that we still use today and they also had a very different religion than most people.
Religion was very important to the Huang He Civilization; the early religion of the Huang He people was polytheistic, meaning they had more than one. They believed in supernatural forces and that they could communicate with dead ancestors that were in the afterlife with oracle bones and also that spirits, kings and dead ancestors could help them have a good future. Confucianism and Taoism (also known as Daoism) existed in the area since about 450 BC and Buddhism hit the area in 110 BC – 220 AD and became the main religion in that area. One of the many dynasties near the Huang He River that was called the Shang Dynasty worshipped a God named Shang Di who ruled over Gods of the sun, moon, wind, rain and other natural forces.
Ancestor worship was very important to the kings and nobles that ruled the Huang He River Valley civilization. They brought food and wine to temples as a sign of worship the ancestors and when a person died and their soul went to the afterlife (heaven) priests would write various peoples questions into oracle bones and hold a hold something hot over the bone to make cracks appear, these cracks were studied by priests to determine the answer that the ancestors gave them.
When the Shang Dynasty was overthrown a new dynasty called the Zhou Dynasty formed and they believed in the “Mandate of Heaven”. The Mandate of Heaven meant that good rulers had the Gods approval but if they became bad rulers they could lose the approval and if the approval was lost then riots and floods would happen and the Mandate of Heaven would...