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Technological Innovations Of The Industrial Revolution

708 words - 3 pages

Technological Innovations of The Industrial Revolution

There were many aspects of the eighteenth century Industrial Revolution, yet the most prominent were all of the technological innovations. Three main ideas that contributed to the growth of inventions were cotton production, iron production, and the steam engine. This web page will provide a brief overview of these discoveries.

First, cotton manufacturing increased tremendously. The initial invention was the flying shuttle. In the 1730's it was created to increase the amount of clothe produced, by weaving cotton at a faster pace. Then James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny in 1765, which consisted of a series of machines that simultaneously spun sixteen threads of cotton. This sped up the amount of time that it took to produce cotton fabric, and took the place of several laborers work. Richard Arkwright soon realized that power-operated machines could be created, where unskilled workers could operate them. He did this by using warm water from the ground to rotate a five-story wheel, which provided enough power for the whole mill. Arkwright's invention, known as the water wheel, spun 128 threads at a time, whereas the spinning jenny only spun sixteen. Another aspect of this machine was that it produced four times the length of cotton yarn than in previous, man-powered machines. He came up with the idea that the yarn cotton must first be stretched, then be twisted to achieve the greatest amount of length. Many other spinning machines, however, either attempted both tasks at the same time or first twisted, then stretched the cotton, which resulted in the fibers to lock up and break. In the late 1780's the power looms were discovered by Edmund Cartwright, which replaced handloom weavers. Then Eli Whitney, an American, invented the cotton gin in 1793. This allowed the seeds to separate from the cotton fibers. All of these cotton-based innovations increased the manufacture of clothes made from cotton and transferred the production of thread and clothe from...

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