Technology and Crime Analysis
Technology is used by every single criminal justice practitioner in some way, shape or form each and every day. When it comes to crime analysis technology is there to help with accurate analysis of the crime scene or evidence obtained. Some examples of the technology used in crime analysis include radios, telecommunications, computer, data storage and collection. Each technology has its own unique role during crime analysis, all are equally important. Computers, data storage and collection would be the main technology that is used to assist during crime analysis. Computers are necessary for accurate crime analysis because they cut the chances of mistakes being made. Further all the information needed is stored within the computer for access later by any law enforcement official in any state. Basically that means that any and all data that is collected, stored and processed will be the same as it was when it was entered into the system and will remain accurate when it is needed by law enforcement agents or when it is needed for crime analysis.
Computer hardware used by criminal analysts are similar to those that are used in other professions that depend on computers to help complete their work. Crime analysts use desktop computers to complete a majority of their work and use laptop computers for work in the field and also for presentations. In many cases police department’s crime analysis units have their own servers to house tabular data stream, geographic data, and software applications that are shared by users. An example of why computers are important to crime analysis, if the information about every location in which a crime has occurred is properly entered into a database analysts can access that information at any time (Boba 2012 pg. 101 para 2). They can put together an area to conduct their search or crime pattern and help their search for the person responsible for the crimes.
Records management system
Records management system or RMS collect information on crimes and arrests and are composed of data entries and are also a storage system that is designed hold other valuable police information. Crime analysis is only possible if the analyst enters the information from each crime and arrest report into the computer that is being used for crime analysis. Crime analysts often waste a lot of time entering in crime and arrest data into separate databases, the information then the will often sit in an incompatible and unconnected primary database (Foster 2004 p.249 para 1). This shows why there is not only a need but also the many advantages that system integration can bring to analysts. The records management system is an important method and tool to crime analysis because it stores all relevant data such as crime reports, arrest reports, information on people, evidence reports. If a new person happens to move in a town and they are a registered sex offender officers can get an...