Technology In The Industrial Revolution
Changes in the way people worked, the reformation of social class structure, the concepts that people had about social classes, and the modified international balance of political power were all attributes of the Industrial Revolution. The Revolution's radical changes effected the human experience in both negative and positive means. One aspect that had a positive significant impact on the Revolution was the advancement in technology.
Exactly when the development of industry began can be answered according to different definitions of industry. Industry may be viewed in terms of energy use. The Industrial Revolution may have begun when people stopped using human and animal power, and started using some type of mechanical power source. Even though this did occur, it may suggest that the Revolution began with the first production of power through wind and water. These techniques were practiced during medieval times in the West and earlier China. But, industry may also be viewed in terms of production. This would mean that the Industrial Revolution began in the 13th century when the production of textiles and raw materials were centralized around mills. Perhaps the Revolution began once people started to change materials and the way they put them to use. One example would be the production of iron through blast furnaces. Such an invention would lead to the employment of more people during the 15th and 16th centuries. These people would then be working in one of the first factory systems in the Cottage Industry. True evolution in industry did not begin until the late 1700s.
Each aspect described in the previous paragraph led up to the Industrial Revolution in England. Each had its own developments, yet, the Industrial Revolution brought something new and unexpected to history. England began to establish a new form of industrial technology which worked simultaneously with industrial growth. Previous to the Industrial Revolution, from 1700 to 1760, industry grew only 0.7 percent. Later when the Revolution was at its height, between 1801 and 1831 industry grew 3 percent (McKay 729).
There were two key inventions that had a huge impact on the Industrial Revolution. John Kay, an English engineer invented the flying shuttle. They flying shuttle was a machine that made cotton workers capable of weaving much faster. Kay received the patent for the flying shuttle on May 26, 1733. Thirty-one years late in 1764, an English carpenter name James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny. This machine multiplied the amount of yarn produced. The only setback was that the spinning jenny produced only one type of yarn needed for weaving (Bruno 158). Then another inventor, Richard Arkwright, made the water frame. This invention made it possible to produce the other type of yarn needed and required much waterpower. The new spinning machine that Arkwright invented was made...