Teen Pregnancy In The United States

1543 words - 6 pages

According to Rocca & Harper (2012), birth control and contraceptives can vary among different racial and ethnic backgrounds. Then again, race and income go hand-in-hand. It is important to include the major determinant of health disparities in the health systems. This can be limited access to health insurance, access to forms of birth control and education. It is important to stop stereotyping on different beliefs of each culture, but to incorporate education to young women across very racial and ethnic groups to provide education and counseling about facts and myths about contraceptives. It is important to provide a basic, across the curriculum to every racial and ethnic group, to provide information about effective methods to help reduce health disparities between different races.
Interventions Based Sex Education Class
In a national survey given to middle and high school teachers, the survey showed that the majority of sex education teachers promote abstinence only as a way to prevent pregnancy. This then raised the infection of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and diseases from 2% in 1988 to 23% in 1999. In 1988, the rate of infection of sexually transmitted infections and diseases were only 2% when only 25% of teachers conveyed that abstinence was the most important. In 1999, the rate of STI’s and STD’s rose to 23%, when 41% of teachers wished to convey that abstinence was the most important. This can be interpreted as the message of abstinence only has seem to increase the rate of STI’s and STD’s. Many organizations such as the American College of Obstretricians and Gynecologists, Academy of Family Physicians, Academy of Pediatrics, and Institute of Medicine support the use of contraceptive information with abstinence information (Bennett & Assefi, 2005).
In the study done by Bennett & Assefi (2005), this randomized control trial compared between abstinence-only programs vs. abstinence-plus programs. In the abstinence-plus programs, the curriculum not only provides information about abstinence but also contraceptive information and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. Both in abstinence-only and abstinence-plus programs, they were not associated with earlier onset of sexual activity. When the 19 randomized controlled trials were compared, there was a variety of different results. A few of abstinence-only and abstinence-plus programs showed a delay in initiation of intercourse. Some studies showed that sexually active adolescents in the abstinence-plus programs were less likely to have unprotected sex compared to abstinence-only programs. In one study, the comparison showed that abstinence-only group was less likely to be involved in sexual activity for at least 3 months compared to the control group (ones who did not take the class).
When all these studies were compared, debate topics of which one is better is continually brought up. But although there are different results, both has shown to be effective in providing...

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