Teen Pregnancy and Abortion in the US
Teen pregnancy and abortion are two contemporary social issues within our nation today. With raising rates in both matters, it is easy to see why they may be such controversy. In sociology, thinking about the way humans interact with one another and in their worlds is important. With these two presented topics, focusing on gender inequalities, poverty, group prediction and social location may have a substantial amount of influence on the increased rates we are seeing within the last few years and present time on teen pregnancy and abortion.
It is important to remember that when thinking sociologically, we can only predict what a group may do versus what an individual’s actions may be. Especially when talking about abortions and teen pregnancy, statistics of a group of people may help us to predict what type of people will get pregnant, and who will choose to have an abortion. However they will not show the exceptions to the rule, or how an individual within or outside of the group may behave, but rather just predict pattern behavior based on different influences.
Teen pregnancy within the United States has been consistently higher than other developing countries for the last century, according to statistics and research done by the US Department of Health and Human Services. Their statistics showed that “In 2012, there were 29.4 births for every 1,000 adolescent female’s ages 15-19, or 305,388 babies born to females in this age group. Nearly eighty-nine percent of these births occurred outside of marriage.” Furthermore, the Health and Human Services department was able to list some possible sociological factors that may have possibly contributed. These included age, race and ethnic group, region of the country, etc. Statistics showed that 72% of teen births were girls by that were between the ages of 18 and19 and that rates were higher in Hispanic teenage girls versus other races. The evidence allowed them to predict that “one in seven adolescent females in the United States will give birth by her 20th birthday, with substantial differences by race/ethnicity: 10 percent of white adolescent females, 21 percent of black adolescent females, and 24 percent of Hispanic adolescent females.”
The next important issue to approach is why these rates are where they are, and why the predication of one and seven adolescent females came about. Looking at some of the different factors that cause the specific races, we should try to predict why. The Department of Health and Human Services was additionally able to explain some factors that would allow us to understand why some adolescents would be less susceptible to get pregnant. They stated, “Adolescents who are enrolled in school and engaged in learning (including participating in after-school activities, having positive attitudes toward school, and performing well educationally) are less likely than are other adolescents to have or to father a baby.” Because of...