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Teen Pregnancy Prevention Essay

1422 words - 6 pages

Many methods can be used to prevent teenage pregnancy and can decrease the birthrate significantly. Doctors and parents play a key role in teen pregnancy preventions. Since teen birthrates are rising, teens have to have access to preventions in order for it to be effective. With having permission from a guardian to engage in preventions, children can prevent themselves from becoming a parent at such a young age. Parents should properly inform their child on the subject of sex and communicate with them daily to figure out if further methods should be considered. The most common and effective type of prevention is contraceptive use. Adolescents have to learn about these contraceptives to prevent pregnancy and this is where sex education comes in play. With an increase in knowledge on contraceptive methods and other ways to prevent pregnancy, many teens can take precautions to avoid getting pregnant.
Pregnancy rates are high which have led to the invention of pregnancy prevention programs. These programs are designed to communicate on a teenager’s level to help them better understand the consequences of engaging in sexual intercourse. According to Henderson et al., “Teens who demonstrate difficulty imagining themselves as parents may not consider an unplanned pregnancy to be a potential consequence of unprotected sexual intercourse; nor might they perceive an unplanned pregnancy to be a negative event. Several studies have demonstrated that adolescents often underestimate the demands involved in parenting and tend to perceive minimal negative social consequences associated with a teen pregnancy. Hacker, Amare, Strunk, and Horst (2000) found that more than one-third of the female students in their study thought that education about the realities of parenting would help to prevent teen pregnancy. The findings of these studies suggest that interventions that increase perspective-taking skills and provide information about the demands involved in parenting may be more effective than traditional programs in preventing teen pregnancy” (Out). Teens that are uneducated on the topic of parenthood think of unexpected pregnancy as being inconsequential. Prevention programs can introduce adolescents to what it takes to be a parent and can provide them with the knowledge to prevent pregnancy. According to Saunder, “Pregnancy prevention programs can help teens become more skilled, and increase their confidence in those skills, in using contraception effectively and in negotiating abstinence or the use of contraception with their partner. Programs can also help participants to identify risky situations and effective ways to avoid those situations” (Saunder). Programs based on teenage pregnancy prevention help develop a better and more advanced understanding on how to avoid consequences that are life changing. In order to avoid situations that lead to pregnancy and for prevention methods to be effective, sex education needs to be considered.
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