Teen Suicide Essay

2815 words - 11 pages

In order to create and develop an effective Health Program which addresses the reduction in the rate of suicide among adolescents, a needs assessment must be conducted so that the Program Evaluation can be valid. This needs assessment will examine the complex issues surrounding teenagers, their mental health, and how theses factors influence their decisions to attempt suicide. "Needs assessments provide a systematic process to guide decisions-making in organizations… Systematic processes not only provide initial step-by-step guides, they also offers a foundational set of procedures that you can reflect on, customize, and continually improve in order to enrich your decisions later on as well" (Watkins & Leigh, 2008). This Program's Needs Assessment will focus on adolescents ages 12-18, and include the participation of teachers and school personnel, school peer counselors, friends and parents of adolescents who have attempts/committed suicide, as well as teen suicide survivors. With their assistance, data will be collected, needs assessment data will be identified, and they will help in determining the direction of the program. By contributing to the development of this Health Program, the participants will build a sense of belonging and belief in this plan, which will convert to their advocacy for the program. This needs assessment will provide clear and concise information and data to assist in obtaining financial support from Local, State and Federal funding programs, and "justifies your decisions before they are made by turning facts into data, data into information, and information into valuable tools for linking your decisions to performance" (Watkins & Leigh, 2008).Adolescent Suicide 3The largest barrier foreseen is the challenge of the teenager to disclose their own feelings due to fear of being ridiculed, labeled, or ostracized. This can have a direct outcome of motivation and self-efficacy. The anxiety and/or fear involved in disclosure of oneself can prohibit them from participating and obtaining potential help. The strategies used in this program that will effectively break down resistance by using culturally appropriate terminology as well as having peer speakers. By creating an environment which fosters a confidentially safe sharing experience, the adolescent participants will be able to discuss issues and concerns as they relate to their own feelings as well as learn how to recognize and identify risk factors and warning signs of suicide for themselves as well as their friends and peers, and to know where to go to get help. "Getting a clear understanding of the target population, including prior knowledge, beliefs, values, personal needs, and learning styles, is important to shaping the program to meet the needs of the group and to help group members view the program as relevant" (Hodges & Videto, 2005). Reciprocal determinism is used to increase self-efficacy by involving the parents separately but collectively....

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