Television In Iran Essay

1493 words - 6 pages

LITERATURE REVIEW: HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF MEDIA IN IRAN.Mass media in Iran has been a significant medium in conveying messages to the nation. This paper has taken several articles with regards to three branches of media: (1) broadcast media as in television, (2) print media as in newspaper, and (3) new media as in internet. The articles cover from the political, social, philosophical and historical views of different media. It is also mentioned that Iran has been using the religion of Islam as a fundamental guideline in communicating government policy to the nation as a whole.1. BROADCAST MEDIA: TELEVISION.Article: The politics of satellite television in Iran.Alikhah F. (n.d.) argued about the proliferation of satellite television had caused serious concern for Iranian government. The concern was proven as the Iranian government created a regulatory law on satellite television in 1995. Alikhah stated that there was a significant change and difference between 2007 and 1995 with regards to satellite television: (1) digitalization had caused better signals for the audience; (2) there was no Persian-speaking channel during the ban of satellite television, and (3) there were only few channels that followed the Islamic Republic of Iran's media policy. The author further discussed about the media by stating the history, the reception of satellite television among the people, the status of satellite television and the impacts of satellite television to the people. The author also related the effects of conflicts on the emergence of satellite television including the debates between the conservative against the reformist. He then classified Persian television network into two branches: (1) political, and (2) non-political whereby in political branch there were pre-Islamic and after Islamic oriented contents while in non-political media there were light entertainment, advertisements and American music contents. The author provided three leading satellite television channels; Hotbird, Nilesat and Arabsat.Article: The Cambridge history of Iran: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic.Avery (1991) on the section of television media in Iran stated about the advent of television in Iran which was in 1958. The first television station was known as Television Iran (TVI) which operated by using equipment's, tools, and programs from American before being translated into Persian. This company operated at two cities at that time: (1) Tehran, and (2) Abadan. This topic later discussed on the advent of another television station known as National Television Network (NITV) which in the later years became nationalized. This topic also mentioned on the educational television station which offers programs covering about 75% of intermediate schools for example of literature kind and sciences. Iran's variety and identity were believed to be shown in this kind of television station. The topic later discussed on the status of television at the early time of its emergence...

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