Telugu Case Systems Essay

2385 words - 10 pages

Any effort in the direct mapping of case markings often results in non-standard or
ungrammatical constructions in the objective language. In detail, this paper attempts
to find out the divergent functions of the nominative, accusative and dative case
markers in Telugu provides various solutions.
Introduction The Telugu Case system is analyzed in native and missionary grammars as consisting
of a finite number of cases (realized morphologically as nominal or pronominal
suffixes may be add). In these traditional analyses there is always a clear distinction
made between postpositional morphemes and case endings. ThusTelugu case is one
where there are seven cases--the nominative (first case), accusative (second case),
instrumental (third), dative (fourth), ablative (fifth), genitive (sixth), and locative
(seventh) and The vocative(eighth) case, although vocative forms do not participate in
usual morphophonemic interchanges, nor do they govern the use of any Postpositions.
Study of Telugu language:-
Telugu is the largest Dravidian language and one of the important regional languages
of Indian less conservation than Tamil, its sound system and lexicon have been deeply
influenced by the Indo-Aryan languages of north and central India. It is also
agglutinative, add suffixes to nominal and verbal stems to indicate grammatical
categories such as case, number person and tense .it has its own script and has
development and outstanding literature
In Telugu language the stem/root of a word is known as 'Dhaathu'. The Dhaathu or the stem undergoes many modifications in cases of plural/singular forms, gender, tense,
dative and accusative cases, animate and inanimate objects.
 Telugu is the official state language, is third largest number of native speakers in India and is thirteenth in the Ethnologue list of most spoken languages
 Written Telugu differs greatly from colloquial Telugu.
 It is written from left to right.
 Telugu language has eighteen vowels, thirty-six consonants, and three modifier symbols in the alphabet.
 Telugu is a syllabic language.
 Each one symbol in Telugu script represents a complete syllable with the syllabic form created by the use of a set of basic symbols, a set of modifier
symbols, and a number of modification rules.
 Telugu is also an agglutinative language (mention above). This means it has morphemes with fixed meanings that are fused together in one word. This may
look to the English speaker like a sentence. For instance, the phrase "I have a

terrible headache" would be a single word.
 Telugu words all the time end in a vowel so speakers learning English may add an "o" to the ends of words ending in consonants.
 Telugu does not use articles. It is an inflected language. For example, Telugu nouns are inflected to denote number (singular, plural), gender, and case.

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