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Temperance: The Production And Consumption Of Alcohol In The 1800s

1223 words - 5 pages

Temperance is defined as the abstinence from alcoholic drinks. During the Era of Reform this was a concept that continued to grow. During the early 1800s the production and consumption of alcohol began to rise slowly. Temperance emerged as a backlash against the popularity of drinking. In 1826, The American Temperance Society advocated total abstinence from alcohol. People during this time saw drinking as an immoral and irreligious activity that ultimately led to poverty and mental instability. Many other people viewed this as a male indulgence. In 1830, an increasing number of working men joined the movement of temperance with concerns of alcohol and job performance. By 1835, there were ...view middle of the document...

State governments in this time altered punishments for people in debt and no longer required them to serve time. Other states began to run juvenile detention centers for the underage offenders, as they should be treated differently than an adult man.
With all the other political, social, and economic issues going through reform, education was also being considered as well as expanding its current status. Three main components to this reform was education for the common man and woman, greater access to higher education for women, and schooling for free blacks. The demand for more public schools was high. At the time only the areas occupied by Puritans had the tendency to have public schools. The public school system was one that is paid for by taxes. An education to most meant that your chances of being in poverty were far lower and you are a better citizen overall. A person identified with the education reform to public education was Horace Mann. At the time he was secretary of the board of education in the state of Massachusetts. He initiated and ran the education movement to offer more public schools to children; he felt it was a child’s natural right. By 1850, this movement had not been completed in full. Some states towards the North and West adapted Mann’s ideas. So far there were options of schools for white children, but primarily boys. Schools still needed change for admittance of girls into high school and college, and African American parents were still battling with white only school districts.
The women’s rights movement had begun to rise around the 1840s. A big deal at the time was women being allowed to vote. This introduced the suffrage movement to women, which ultimately trained them on understanding Congress. The first meeting for women’s rights took place in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. The convention brought out hundreds of people, mostly women, and was organized by Elizabeth Stanton and Lucretia Mott. At this convention, they highlighted 13 resolutions and ultimately pressed the goal to achieve “sacred right of franchise”. For many of the 1850s, Stanton continued to fight for women’s rights, and introduced Susan B. Anthony who was a teacher at the time, and they formed an alliance as activists. Reformers battled this change also facing socially imposed barriers such as a woman maintaining her obligations to take care of the family, the lack of a higher education from high and greater, and the absence of a voice to speak out in general. Change in women’s right progressed slowly. There wasn’t much success until the late 1880s...

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