Temporary Assistance For Needy Families Essay

2319 words - 9 pages

Undisputedly poverty has been one of the major persistent social problems in the United States for hundreds of years. Poverty does not discriminate against Caucasians, African-Americans, Hispanics, Jews, homosexuals, heterosexuals, age, gender, or persons with disabilities. Poverty can strike any population, community, ethnic group, and family. According to the U.S Census Bureau, 43.6 million people were in poverty in 2009 which was an increase from 2008. (Insert citation for website). There are multiple causes of why a family or individual can fall into poverty, which includes but not limited to, disability, unemployment, age, and recessions, as for which we have seen through the 2008 recession and the Great Depression. Throughout this paper I will address poverty as a social problem and its causes. I will also focus on how children and family households headed by single mothers are effected by poverty, and how Temporary Assistance for Needy Families came about to help children and families in poverty.
Before we can explain the causes of poverty, one must first define what poverty is. If you were to ask someone for their definition of poverty, you would get several different definitions. There has been much conflict in the United States over defining poverty, but according to Diana DiNitto (2007), poverty can be defined in six different ways. Poverty as deprivation, inequality, lack of human capital, culture, exploitation, and structure are the six different ways. When a family or individual does not have the adequate amount of income to meet all of their basic needs, they are described as being deprived. Poverty as deprivation explains that a family or individual is deprived when they are living below the standard of living. An argument that has arose about defining poverty as deprivation is that no one can pin-point a level of material well-being that is necessary to avoid deprivation. (DiNitto, 2007).
Although deprivation is an arbitrary definition for poverty, the government came up with the poverty threshold. The poverty threshold is the federal government’s calculation of cash income required for an individual and families to meet their basic necessities. (DiNitto, 2007) The first poverty threshold calculation was done in 1964 by the Social Security Administration and Economist Mollie Orshansky. The poverty threshold calculations were done by estimating a low-cost and nutritious food budget for households. The originally calculations only estimated the cost for individuals ages 65 and up, but the current calculations are based on the Consumer Price Index. (DiNitto, 2007) According to the census bureau, as of 2009 the poverty threshold for a family of four, which include two adults and two children, is $21, 756. (Insert citation from website).
Poverty as culture explains that poverty is a way of life that is passed down throughout generations. This cycle does not only involve low income, but it also includes an attitude of...

Find Another Essay On Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

Government and Politics - Children and Families

1784 words - 7 pages In January, the NLC started a seven point advocacy agenda for 2004 aimed at maximizing federal support for programs that are important to America's cities and towns. There were four programs that NLC wanted to strengthen and get more funding for children and families. They were Head Start, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), No Child Left behind (NCLB) and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).Head StartNLC wants to make

Argumentation on TANF a form of Medicaid

1026 words - 4 pages Argumentation on TANF a form of Medicaid North Carolina’s Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program is one of the primary forms of Medicaid. TANF is also called Work First, which is based on the premise that parents have a responsibility to support themselves and their children. Through Work First, parents can get short-term training and other services to help them become employed and self-sufficient later on, but the

Welfare Reform

1558 words - 6 pages entitlement to a block-grant program for states. This mean states has control of their own criteria and can limit access to welfare. In my opinion giving the states control can help bring more order to the different civilization. TANF also know as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families helped with reform and replaced AFDC, Emergency Assistance for Needy Families, and the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training (JOBS) program. Reforms to the

Persuasive/Controversial Essay: TANF and SNAP welfare programs are a detriment to the U.S.

1825 words - 7 pages unmarried so as to qualify for greater benefits," ("Welfare Information"). President Bill Clinton passed a reform law in 1996 that turned the welfare system power from the federal government to state governments and required the able-bodied to work or prepare for work. This law essentially established Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, the Job Opportunities and

Evaluating Government Regulations

1115 words - 4 pages a month and have to spend 1/3 on medications. The DHHR just sees they make too much money to qualify for different types of assistance. However, for the most part Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP have made poverty levels in children decrease.Financial assistance is available from the DHHR, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families this helps with financial tasks of the family unit. TANF is mainly for families that have children and do not have income

The Welfare Reform Debate

1171 words - 5 pages Reconciliation Act, also known as the Welfare Reform Law, was signed into law by President Clinton. This act ended Aid to Families with Dependent Children, which had provided economic assistance to single mothers since the Social Security Act of 1935. Currently in effect is a "new" system called Temporary Aid to Needy Families, this system dramatically changed the rules, ending the entitlement nature of cash benefits, setting time limits on

United States Government Welfare

1705 words - 7 pages United States Government Welfare began in the 1930’s during the Great Depression. Franklin D. Roosevelt thought of this system as an aid for low-income families whose men were off to war, or injured while at war. The welfare system proved to be beneficial early on by giving families temporary aid, just enough to help them accommodate their family’s needs. Fast forward almost 90 years, and it has become apparent that this one once helpful system

Policy Process of Welfare Reform

1021 words - 4 pages Opportunity Reconciliation Act was praised for replacing AFDC with Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF). TANF functioned to end the entitlement status of welfare benefits which encouraged the formation of two parent families. On September 28th, 1996, the bill was brought to the house where it was sent to the committee on Ways and Means (thomas.loc.gov). In October of the same year, the Senate made some corrections that were needed. Mr

Charitable programs of the st. vuncent de paul society in georgia.

2570 words - 10 pages amounting to millions of dollars to 68,00 needy people throughout North Georgia. It also operates nine thrift stores, provides training in life and job skills, distributes new children's clothing and provides temporary housing. Fifteen Catholic schools educate more than 7,400 students in a strong academic atmosphere. St.Joseph Hospital, winner of excellence awards for heart and other specialties, treats thousands of patients yearly. Its Mercy

The Government and Welfare

729 words - 3 pages system for help. One negative is that several families have been left with no welfare and no employment. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families created time limits, work rules, and capped federal spending and states are allowed to turn poor families away. Several people have been forced to accept work at very low wage jobs and still require federal assistance. The same problem facing our welfare system in the 1960’s is the same problem we

The New Deal Programs from the Great Depression

1289 words - 5 pages Assistance For Needy Families (TANF) is to “provide assistance to needy families so that children can be cared for in their own homes or in the homes of their relatives.” Since the government determines that one is needy based on income, those that earn less will receive more benefits regardless if they genuinely need it. More of the TANF goals are based purely on morals. The third and fourth objectives intend to diminish out-of-wedlock pregnancies

Similar Essays

Opinions About The Last Two Welfare Reforms

1906 words - 8 pages looking for work, and have to be employed within two years of entering the program. (Etter, 2006) The welfare reform refers to the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) which replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), in which the government paid at least half of all benefit costs on an open- ended basis, with the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) block grant, in which each

Tanf And Moe Programs: How They Help Our Needy Families And Youth

1203 words - 5 pages -income youths. All of these efforts are using a relatively new funding source, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, to support services to at-risk youth. Many youth development, education and employment programs address the goals of the 1996 welfare law, and states or counties could commit TANF funds for such programs.The 1996 welfare law created a new federal block grant, TANF, to replace Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). Each

Welfare Reform Essay

752 words - 3 pages Welfare Reform Under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) replaced AFDC, ending some Federal responsibility to welfare assistance. States operate their own programs; determine eligibility services to be provided to needy families, within Federal guidelines. The Federal government cannot regulate the conduct of states except to a few requirements

Welfare Essay

732 words - 3 pages The United States welfare system is one of the most complex systems to date. Our welfare system consists of six programs. First, is the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Second, are Food Stamps. Third is Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Fourth is Medicaid. Fifth, is housing assistance and last is Earned Income Tax Credit. Each one of the branches of government has different roles that it plays in the rules, regulations, and