Tepeticpac Indians And The Town Of Tlaxcala

1158 words - 5 pages

Tlaxcala... It has what you like was founded in 1591 by a group of thirty families of tlaxcaltec, originating in the header of Tepeticpac, Indians who – as part of the project of colonization of the frontier chichimeca - months ago had been settled in Mexquitic. At this stage Tlaxcala, or Tlaxcalilla, it received the name of the town of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, settling in the current founders Plaza. Later, between June and July next year and to facilitate the founding of the people of San Luis, along with the town of Santiago was moved near the Tlaxcala interchangeably known as river or Santiago. Thus, in the early years both settlements were known as town of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios. It is believed that Tlaxcala was officially founded in August, date in which the Catholic Church celebrates the Virgin of the assumption, titular Patron Saint of Tlaxcala; This explains why shortly after the site was designated as our Lady of the assumption of Tlaxcalilla or Saint Mary of the assumption of Tlaxcalilla. Because of their tlaxcalteca origin and serve as an example in the process of acculturation of the Chichimeca groups in the region, the authorities granted to the inhabitants of this village a number of privileges that placed them above the others in the city of San Luis Potosí, both on the civil aspect and the religious. For example, for his Government, unlike others, since there were a Republic, whose head was Joaquín de Paredes, who held the post of Governor. A few years of the Foundation, the town began a phase of major complications. On Sunday 18 of July 1599 in its territory, as well as in Santiago, was an old Indian origin guachichil, with reputation of sorceress, who incited the inhabitants to destroy religious imagery of their respective chapels and convinced them of rebelling against the Spaniards. Aware the authorities and fearing that the rebellion spread, they immediately seized the old woman and her was sentenced to death, but the problems continued for the next two centuries. From the beginning there was the tendency of its inhabitants to mingle, by way of marriage with the guachichiles, Mexicans and tarascan; Therefore, the population was gradually losing its identity and in the early 19th century most were mixed. The 17TH includes two floods suffered in the last third of the century. But not everything was also a tragedy, there was development. For example, population regards, noted constant growth; and in the material aspects became important improvements, because at the end of the century already existed a "room" dedicated to the boards of Directors, known as the Royal family, a prison, a hospital of Indians and a rudimentary plaza de toros, perhaps the first that existed in the towns of suburban Indians of the city.

Originally, the basis of its economy was cattle raising minor, as well as the cultivation of orchards where planted garlic, beet, pumpkin, onion, beans, lettuce, corn and carrots. This agricultural...

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