Nurses are challenged everyday due to cultural diversities. Heritage assessment helps nurses to understands and respect the role cultural competent in health ad illness. Heritage assessment tool use to assess the different cultural beliefs, their health maintenance, protection and restoration and to provide adequate and individualized care. Cultural assessments direct the nurse in providing culturally quality care to people form diverse cultures. The understanding of the concept of culture and its vitality in health is very important to nurses that provide care to diverse populations. Cultures, family and community have impact on how people take health information, how they exercise their rights, protections and how they express symptoms and health concerns (Maurer & Smith, 2010). Individual health care depend on his/her perception of health beliefs and values. Due to differences in cultural heritage, people tends to view illness and health in a different ways and have different health beliefs and how they practice it (Cherry & Jacob, 2011).
This paper aims to explore the Asian, Hispanic and African American. Their cultural beliefs from perspectives of health maintenance, problem and restoration, health traditions and to evaluate and discuss how families subscribe to their traditions and practices. Health maintenance is how an individual take care his/her health to prevent and promote good health.
The first family interviewed are Hispanics. Hispanic cultures hold a very strong religious belief, majority being Catholics and they relies heavily on God and prayer, and church are seen as support group. Hispanics view good health as God’s blessing and illness as a divine punishment for evil on committed. They prevent illness by praying and wearing of religious medals, or amulets, and lighting of candles. Many of them have shrines in their homes with statues and pictures of Saints (culturediversity.org). They are reluctant to seek preventive measure, like prenatal care and immunizations. They are family oriented and usually live very close with other family members, having regular contact. They always depends on one other for emotional and physical support with all struggles including illnesses. In Hispanic culture family members are included in making decision concerning their health and needs (culturediversity.org). Hispanic are very expressive in their communication. . Hispanic are highly expressive during childbirth. They valued being personal, warm and trustworthy (culturediversity.org).
Second family interviewed are from Southeast Asian. Asians are known to be group oriented that depends on family connection for identity and protection from hardships. In this family, parents make the rules and their children are expected to follow it strictly. Respect for elders are very important and you can only speak when spoke to (Marcia, 2011). The elders make important decisions in the family. Southeast Asians especially old ones do not have the...