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History, Economic Significance And Origin Of Bananas

1135 words - 5 pages

A banana is an edible fruit produced by different kinds of herbaceous flowering plants. The scientific name for the banana is Musa Acuminata. It belongs to the Musaceae Paradisiaca family and the group of monocots. The most common name is banana, but they can be also called edible banana. The objective of this report is for the audience to understand the history, economic significance, where it originated, and the current distribution of the banana.
Bananas were originally found in Southeast Asia, mainly in India. They were brought to the west later on by Arab conquerors in 327 B.C. The banana moved from Asia to Africa carried by the first explores and missionaries to the Caribbean. Bananas eventually made it to South America with the help of Portuguese mariners. The mariners brought the plant from the West African coast. In today’s world, bananas are the most popular fruit. They are also the world’s most important crops grown by small and large-scale producers. Bananas are basically giant herbaceous plants rather than trees. They’re about 50 species in the Musa genus. The genus is split into three to five sections depending on the number of chromosomes in each plant. Furthermore, over a thousand different types cultivators of bananas and plantains are recognized today.
The economic significance of bananas consists of two factors: generations of export earnings and employment for people in several countries. Currently, small populations of bananas are produced in the United States. Within the fifty states, they’re only two states that produce bananas. Hawaii is the largest producer in the United States, followed by Florida. Banana production in Hawaii totaled to 14,500 in 2000 and 14,000 in 2001. The average production cost is closely to $5,000 per acre. The total value of the Hawaii banana industry was estimated to $10,440,000 in 2000 and $10,640,000 in 2001. Since 2010, Hawaii has been on a decline. Furthermore, from 2001-2010 Hawaii went from 13,181 mmt to 8,090 mmt. On the other hand, Florida banana production is estimated around 500 acres, which is valued around $2 million. Florida is also the United States major banana exporter, which produces only Thai and cooking bananas. In 2009, world production of bananas extended to 97.3 million metric tonnes (mmt), grown on 4.9 million hectares. Bananas are grown in more than 130 countries, producing 105 million tons of fruit per year. The top five banana producing countries are India, Uganda, China, the Philippines, and Ecuador. These countries accounted for 61 percent of the global banana production in 2009, increasing up from 56 percent in 2000. There were noticeable production increases in India and the Philippines. India is the largest world producer of fresh bananas. By 2009, statistics show that India produced close to 28 percent of the global banana production. The Philippines are next up with 9.3 percent who is followed closely by China with 9.2 percent. Out of the top five countries,...

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