Terrorism 2 Essay

895 words - 4 pages

History of terrorism
From research it is believed terrorism originated from the French revolution in 1780. This came about as the new regime during that time consolidated its power by intimidating its opponents through violence (Munson, 2008) . From this original inception terrorism has been used in a wide range of conflict in both the east and the west. However there was one major event that changed the way in which the world viewed terrorism as a threat to international security.

Modern day terrorism
Second to the great wars, September 11 is probably one of the best covered incident in western history. As most of society are aware that the Twin Towers and a number of other building in ...view middle of the document...

Therefore the use of the internet is major factor in generating attention in both recruiting and terrorising the International community. Constant propaganda video of global jihad or beheadings were one way of installing this fear (Rajaratnam, 2012). Even more frighting simple application such as Google Earths high resolution satellite imagery was used to plan strategic attacks in Iraq and Yemen (Open Source Centre Report, 2008). Highlighting how the advancement of technology is being used for terrorist related activity.
However the internet also had another effect. This was to drastically over exaggerated the threat that it actually holds to the public (Munson, 2008). Furthermore it granted terrorist groups more power than they actually posses. What most of the public do not take into account is that these groups do only have limited resources in which they can carry out their strategic missions (Rajaratnam, 2012). One such example is that at the end of Osama Bin Laden's rule of al- Qaeda, the groups resource were significantly below the threshold required to carry out another attack on US soil (Country Reports on Terrorism, 2014).
These factors therefore forced groups such as al-Qaeda to choose and attack targets more accessible such as the United Nations Head Quarters in Bagdad in 2003 (Malone, 2005). Though this brought terrorism further to the world stages they can have negative effects on the groups themselves (Safouan, 2008). In conducting these attacks a large number of causalities were mostly Sunni or Shiite Muslim. This is where terrorism has a significant down fall. Such as al-Qaeda who lost support due to killing Muslims mostly and not 'westerners'. Furthermore a majority of (Malone, 2005)...

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