In the modern world, extreme Islamic terrorism has been a major threat to people and nations all over the world. It is a fact that the infamous 9/11 terrorist attacks were planned by terrorists in Afghanistan. After the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, the terrorist-friendly Taliban regime was toppled in late 2001 and has moved to the tribal regions in Pakistan, near Afghanistan. To prevent reappearance of terrorism in Afghanistan, it is necessary to stop the resurgence of the Taliban. Terrorism in Afghanistan can be stopped by reducing political corruption, shifting the economy away from narcotics, and convincing the general public of the necessity to end terrorism.
The politics of Afghanistan need to change in order to solve the terrorism problem. Although the Taliban was removed from power in Afghanistan over eight years ago (Marcus), there is still a significant possibility of the regime regaining power. Major corruption remains in Afghanistan, including possible election fraud involving President Hamid Karzai (Pleitgen). In fact, Afghanistan ranks as the second-most corrupt country in the world, and this corruption often results in the public’s lost faith in their government and increased support for the Taliban (Grieshaber). In order to stop corruption, the U.S. should provide monetary incentives for passing third-party inspections of the electoral system and other governmental functions.
Afghanistan must decrease their dependency on narcotics in order to end terrorism. Opium is the largest crop produced in Afghanistan, and Afghanistan is the second largest producer of opium in the world (Islamic Republic of Afghanistan). In the last five years, the over $500 million from opium has gone to the Taliban (Kenyon). To try to eliminate this major source of income, the U.S. has unsuccessfully tried different methods to discourage opium production (Islamic Republic of Afghanistan). Several million dollars were spent by the U.S. Agency for International Development trying to improve Afghanistan’s agricultural economy. However, this effort was largely unsuccessful because much of the money went to crops that do not grow well in Afghanistan (Chandrasekaran). Afghanistan’s biggest agriculture product used to be grapes, which grow very well in the country’s high, semi-arid climate (Hitchens). Legal crops like grapes will contribute less money to the Taliban because their sale is legitimate and more easily controlled by the world market (Kenyon). The solution to this problem is to buy the opium, rather than destroy it outright, so that the Afghan farmers get money for their crops, and then use the opium in medication or destroy it (Hitchens). After ridding the farmers of their opium, provide them with new, hardy crops, and a good market in which to sell them.
Another key factor to rid Afghanistan of terrorism is to win the hearts of the...